Are USB ASIC Miner Devices Still Profitable in 2020? - Coindoo

5 chip USB Gridseed Miner for Scrypt / Asic for Bitcoin Litecoin SHA BTC LTC DOGE alts - 37k doge

Anyone interested in this? I was going to sell it to some guy in Russia but before I dive down that hole, I wanted to offer it to the community first. I was thinking in the neighborhood of 37,000 doge or so, I think I paid double or triple than that originally.
It looks like this: Gridseed miner
Basically 5 watts of power (less? without the fans) for 300KH/s of Scrypt mining or 11GH/s of SHA-256 (bitcoin) mining.
Let me know soon before I let it go.
submitted by flickerkuu to dogemarket [link] [comments]

White Paper, Miner, Pizza … | "Old Objects" in the Cryptocurrency Museum

White Paper, Miner, Pizza … |
https://preview.redd.it/giu1ssilga151.jpg?width=900&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=41510785ccdc0d99544ec74229f62427d1c0ce3e
Museum has played the role of a time recorder. Talking about bitcoin, more than ten years has passed since the creation of it. Although it is uncomparable to the stock market with a hundred years of history, during the ten years, in the different stages of the development of bitcoin and blockchain have continuously poured in geeks, miners, speculators, newbies, leaving keywords such as sudden rich, myth, scam, belief, revolution, etc.
There are also many “old objects” with stories in the “Museum” of the cryptocurrency realm. On Museum Day, let ’s review the stories brought by these “old objects”.
The First Digital Currency White Paper — Bitcoin White Paper
On Oct. 31, 2008, Satoshi Nakamoto released the Bitcoin white paper — A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System in the cryptographic mail group where he belongs, and Bitcoin was born since then.
A white paper is a document that explains the purpose and technology used in cryptocurrency. Usually a cryptocurrency uses the white paper to help people understand what it provides, and it is also an important information channel for investors to understand a project. Therefore, the level of the white paper affects people’s confidence towards the coin.
In a word, in the cryptocurrency and blockchain industry, the value of a white paper is equivalent to that of a standard financing speech. The white paper plays a vital role in this emerging market.
The First Public Bitcoin-Physical Transaction — Pizza
Since Satoshi Nakamoto mined the Bitcoin genesis block on January 3, 2009, Bitcoin has only been spread among the small crowd and has not realized its value.
Not until May 22, 2010, Bitcoin enthusiast “Laszlo Hanyecz” bought a pizza coupon worth $25 with 10,000 bitcoins. This is the first public bitcoin-physical transaction. Bitcoin has its price with 0.3 cents per bitcoin.


This day has also become the famous “Bitcoin Pizza Day” in Bitcoin history. Bitcoin as the imagination of the financial system has more practical significance. The tenth anniversary is coming. How will you commemorate it? Will you buy a pizza?
The First Digital Asset Exchange — Bitcoinmarket.com
After the birth of Bitcoin, in addition to mining, the only way to get Bitcoin in the early days was to conduct transactions on forums or IRC (commonly known as Internet Relay Chat). However, this method involves both long transaction time and great security risk.
In March 2010, the first digital asset exchange — Bitcoinmarket.com launched. However, due to lack of liquidity and transaction depth, it disappeared soon after its establishment, but Bitcoinmarket.com opened the era of the operation of the cryptocurrency realm exchange 1.0.


On June 9, 2011, China’s first Bitcoin exchange — Bitcoin China (BTCChina) launched. Its founder, Yang Linke, translated Bitcoin into Chinese “比特币” for the first time. In 2013, China’s bitcoin trading entered the golden age, and exchanges sprung up. China monopolized more than 90% of the world’s bitcoin transactions. Now, if the top three exchanges Binance, Huobi Global, OKEx are the Exchange 2.0, then the index exchange represented by 58COIN called the 3.0 version, leading the trend.
The First Generation of High-Performance Miner — ASIC Miner
When Satoshi Nakamoto created Bitcoin, the only way to get it is to use computers (including home computers) to mine, mainly relying on the CPU to calculate. However, as the value of digital currencies such as Bitcoin has become higher and higher, mining has become an industry with the competition is getting fiercer, accompanied by increasing difficulty of mining. Therefore, hardware performance competition starts.
In July 2012, the genius Jiang Xinyu (Internet nickname is “Friedcat”) from the junior class of the University of Science and Technology declared at the forum that he could make ASIC miners (chips). As far as mining computing power is concerned, ASICs can be tens of thousands or more higher than the same-generation CPUs and GPUs.
At the beginning of 2013, Zhang Nanqian (Pumpkin Zhang), a suspended doctoral student from the Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, developed the ASIC miner and named it “Avalon”.


In June 2013, the Friedcat’s miner USB was finally released, and it maintained 20% of the computing power of the entire network.
At the end of 2013, Wu Jihan, used the tens of millions yuan earned from Friedcat through investment, worked together with Jenke group, to develop the Antminer S1. Since then, the miner manufacturer Bitmain began to enter the stage of history.
It is no exaggeration to say that Friedcat and Zhang Nangeng have opened the domestic “mining” era.
The Birthplace of China’s Bitcoin — Garage Coffee
It is not only the “old objects” that record history, but also a place that everyone in the cryptocurrency realm aspires to.
Guo Hongcai once said, “Without no The Garage Café, there will be no cryptocurrency realm today. Since it is a very mysterious place that all waves of people from the café joint together to create today’s digital asset industry.

▲ In March 2013, American student Jake Smith successfully purchased a cup of coffee at The Garage Café with 0.131 bitcoins. This move attracted the attention of CCTV, and it conducted an interview.
Indeed, The Garage Café is the world ’s first entrepreneurial-themed coffee shop. It has been legendary since its establishment in 2011. The Garage Cafét is not only the core coordinate on China’s Bitcoin map, but also the birthplace of the Chinese cryptocurrency circle, where digital asset realm tycoons including Guo Hongcai, Zhao Dong, Li Xiaolai, Li Lin have made their ways.
The development of digital currency is only 11 years old. Through these “old objects”, we review the various stories of this wave of technology together, hoping to help you understand the development process of the digital currency field. Meanwhile, I also remind all practitioners to use history as a mirror and forge ahead.
Website: https://www.58ex.com/
Twitter: https://twitter.com/58_coin
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/coin.58COIN
Telegram: https://t.me/official58
Medium: https://medium.com/@58coin_blog/
submitted by 58CoinExchange to u/58CoinExchange [link] [comments]

A noob is asking, is mining even possible using a USB mining device?

I'm the noob and I saw this, http://www.digitaljournal.com/p3861186
I never mined any stuff but is it ever possible to mine using a power from a USB device? If a typical GPU mining machines take so much effort to mine, how coudl this innocent "child" device could even do it?
submitted by wwelsh00 to BitcoinMining [link] [comments]

AsicVault - Frequently Asked Questions

When was AsicVault established and how is it funded?
AsicVault was established 2016. It is funded by founders and corporate investors. Please see Crunchbase.

How can it be 1,000 times harder to crack compared to other BIP-39 hardware wallets?
BIP-39 hardware wallets are working on very low performance microcontrollers or secure elements. They are doing only 2,048 iterations of PBKDF2 SHA-512 that is even less than old NIST recommendation of 10,000 rounds from year 2016.
Performing higher number of PBKDF2 SHA-512 is standard practice for good security. iTunes does it, LastPass does it and Veracrypt as well. Even Ledger agrees that this very low number is the main problem of BIP-39.
AsicVault specially designed SHA-512 accelerator inside high performance secure chip is at least 340 times faster than common microcontrollers. The number of PBKDF2 SHA-512 rounds is set to be exactly 1,000 times higher than BIP-39, hence the cost to crack AsicVault is also 1,000 times bigger.
Please read in-depth teardown review and validation of AsicVault SHA-512 performance here.
You can perform independent analysis according to this PDF and our device performance is shown on this video.

Does it support BIP-39 passphrase?
Yes, AsicVault supports all standard BIP-39 seed words and additional passphrase (so-called 25th word). You can restore your HD wallet account created by other hardware wallets (Ledger, Trezor, Keepkey) without any additional steps. AsicVault always opens standard security BIP-39 account and high security BIP-39 accounts at the same time.

Why two processors?
Common design practice, also followed by Ledger, is to separate secure and non-secure code. Our advantage is that these two RISC-V processors are inside a single secure chip. This way the Security CPU has full access to the Application CPU RAM. This makes it possible to do proper secure boot.

Why RISC-V?
Open instruction set. Possibility to have open source CPU and extensions. We have already implemented several custom instructions.

Do I need a computer to initialize the device?
No. You can supply power from wall adapter or battery bank. AsicVault supports true air-gapped environment.
You can perform full device initialization, seed word generation and seed word backup without connection to the computer. You can also charge the device and check the status the same way.

Can I use USB extender cables?
Certified USB2.0 extender cables can be used. We don’t recommend extender cables while using USB3.1 features of the device. The device can detect (some) bad cables and show warning messages about them. It is not recommended to use cables/extenders longer than 2.5m. In any case, cables with lower AWG value are better, such as AWG20.

How hot does the device get?
During normal operation AsicVault device temperature reaches 35-37C. High speed USB3.0 operation adds additional 7C. AsicVault utilizes full Aluminum enclosure as an effective heatsink. Internal chips can tolerate up to +85C, so you never need to worry about them overheating. There are no Lithium batteries inside the device that are known for leaking and not tolerating high temperatures.

How long does the active anti-tamper system work?
Active anti-tamper protects your device at least 2 weeks, possibly up to 45 days, after you have fully charged the device. It takes just 15 minutes to charge the supercapacitors again. It is advisable to connect the device to a power source at least once per week. Different anti-tamper settings affect the anti-tamper aggressiveness, sensitivity and power consumption.
It is also good practice to enter your passphrase weekly so that you will not forget it.

How often can I charge it? Do the batteries age?
You can charge it as often as you like, several times per day. Supercapacitors can be charged 50,000 – 1,000,000 times during their lifetime compared to common Lithium batteries that only allow 500-1,000 times. Therefore even 10 times per day for 10 years should be fine. At least weekly charging is recommended for best anti-tamper protection.

How long are private keys safely stored inside device before the memory gets weak and they are lost?
Data retention time of Flash memory inside the main chip is 20 years. Additional encryption keys stored inside FRAM can last for 40 years at temperatures below 70C. These values are higher than the expected lifetime of the device. In any case you must make paper backup(s) of your seed words.

Can it store the whole Bitcoin blockchain inside the device?
No. The device is not designed to store large amounts of data. Internal 128-megabyte Flash is used to store applications. There are thousands of copies of the blockchain, storing yet another copy is not meaningful or necessary.

What is FIPS 140-2 highest Level 4?
FIPS 140-2 is Federal Information Processing Standard.
Level 4 requires that:
  1. physical security mechanisms provide a complete envelope of protection around the cryptographic module
  2. with the intent of detecting and responding to all unauthorized attempts at physical access
  3. Penetration of the cryptographic module enclosure from any direction has a very high probability of being detected, resulting in the immediate deletion of all plaintext CSPs
  4. Security Level 4 also protects a cryptographic module against a security compromise due to environmental conditions or fluctuations outside of the module's normal operating ranges for voltage and temperature
  5. A cryptographic module is required to include special environmental protection features designed to detect fluctuations and delete CSPs
We have used these guidelines while designing AsicVault. We meet and exceed the requirements in the following way:
  1. AsicVault has full Aluminium/Titanium enclosure that is not designed to be opened. Passive antitamper mesh protects the electronic circuits inside the device. Main secure chip also has chip level metal layer anti-tamper mesh.
  2. Active anti-tamper circuit monitors all intrusion attempts and performs immediate device zeroization upon detecting any such attempts.
  3. AsicVault has temperature, voltage and many other sensors that are continuously monitored by the anti-tamper circuit. Additionally, AsicVault has internal supercapacitor-based power reserve to run Elliptic Curve calculations and other cryptographic functions. Therefore, external voltage fluctuations can’t affect our device while performing these critical operations.
  4. Zeroization not only deletes the private keys, it also destroys internal hardware design making it impossible to perform any further analysis of the hardware.
AsicVault has not participated in formal Cryptographic Module Validation Program since we are not targeting US government users at this point.

Can AsicVault device run Linux?
It is not our priority to run Linux since it has too big overhead for hardware wallet. However, our RISC-V processors and Mark II hardware can run Linux for your custom projects.

Where can I purchase the device?
Please contact your local supplier about availability.
submitted by photonreality to AsicVaultOfficial [link] [comments]

ASICMINER is going to release this little cute chip! 300Mhash/s, powered by USB.

ASICMINER is going to release this little cute chip! 300Mhash/s, powered by USB. submitted by Fabrizio89 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

My miner!

My miner! submitted by zeusa1mighty to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Raspberri Pi 2 bitcoin mining

I am working on a project to get my pi to run as a bitcoin node, as a hobby not looking to make huge money. Has anyone else done this and if so what was the results? also any tips from those that have done it before?
edits: changed miner to node. I will be using ASIC chips running off a usb hub instead of the actual pi to do the work, the pi is just a base do act as a medium for the ASIC. cost of power I am not worrying about as it will be my college dorm so I am not paying for power and I am not worried about noise, I am in a busy area so even at night my dorm isnt truely quiet.
submitted by TechnoRedneck to RASPBERRY_PI_PROJECTS [link] [comments]

Where we're headed with ASIC mining. tl;dr included

As devices flood the mining market, we're bound to see some volatility in the Bitcoin exchange rate. Since ASICs are the effective apex of chip design, that means this should be the last major disruption.
A few points about ASICs:
These factors result in some interesting dynamics.
First, there's the obvious matter that devices can now be produced which are virtually plug & play. Neophytes will no longer need to spend days exploring arcane configuration wizardry; participating in Bitcoin is now open to virtually anyone. That isn't too say professional mining operations are going away; they'll be significant parts of a larger ecosystem.
Security of the network is becoming virtually unassailable by any single entity. With the proliferation of custom hardware, the difficulty of attacking the system head-on is rising exponentially.
With such low power usage, devices can be left on anywhere for pennies a day. Earning a return means the network difficulty will have to climb extremely high before they're turned off. That point may take many months or even several years to arrive.
Being produced in quantity means lower cost, eventually. It's a near certainty that some businesses will cater to high end outfits while others sell to the mass market, much the way Intel makes both server and desktop processors.
The direction Bitcoin is headed in because of this is proliferation is up. Accessibility combined with ease of use in acquiring stake in the network creates an incentive structure with a positive feedback loop, at least during growth.
At present, this proliferation has accelerated. Miners have newly-acquired hardware that must be paid off, and various other expenses to be covered. That applies especially to professional shops. This will be a primary downward pressure on Bitcoin price, as will increased efficiency. If coins can be generated more cheaply, competition will still to undercut other bids. To what extent remains to be seen, but it's reasonable to expect some tension.
A serious concern many have is regarding exchange crackdowns by government, and persecution from traditional banks. These efforts mean that it may be more difficult to get money into Bitcoin, but it also means it's more difficult to get it out.
Bitcoin has a market-established value of around USD$100 currently. Businesses and individuals having acquired hardware for mining generally intend to realize a profit. If a return cannot be readily obtained in local currency denomination (dollars, euros, yen, etc), there will be a preference to spend the bitcoins. In either case, the best value possible is sought. Even if they are sold for another currency, the new recipient now holds them and would prefer not to take a loss.
Because of the high amount of investment in mining hardware over a long span of time, miners will be in various stages of profitability. Some may be in the black while many are likely far from breaking even. As ASICs continue shipping, a good portion of them will spend months recouping the initial investment. At the point of break-even, there is little reason to stop operating; the hardware is paid off, and very often the only input cost is power. So long as a miner generates a comfortable margin greater than the input cost, it will stay.
For ASICs, the one-year profitability mark with current generation hardware is in the 100-200,000,000 Bitcoin difficulty range. That means with a network hash rate of about 1,000 Th/s (1 petahash per second), it will take around a year for a ~150 Mh/watt ASIC to pay itself off. Given the network growth during the past six months, this is a strong possibility by the end of 2013.
Miners are constantly competing for a share in an ever more crowded environment - to stop is to lose profitability if break-even has not been achieved. However, by the time network power has reached the petahash level, first-generation ASICs will no longer be making such wild returns. Therefore, since cessation of operation guarantees loss, there are only a few factors that can change:
tl;dr - The incentive structure surrounding Bitcoin is now well-established, and very little can direct it off-course in the near term; hardware will spread, BTC price will rise, usage will grow.
Edit: corrected spelling errors.
submitted by miscreanity to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

I had like 3 friends ask me how to build a PC in the past week so I made this to help them.

(Reddit Edit: Help my improve the document with productive constructive comments on what I got wrong or messed up! Im only human lol
Also a lot of this is supposed to be kinda humorous. I didn't think I had to say that but, hey, its the internet.
I appreciate the positive and productive comments! )
Beginners basic guide to building your own PC as of early 2018
(EDIT: Sorry for being a MSI/Corsair Fanboy)
Heres a collection of thoughts to consider when building your own personal PC
As always Id personally use PCPartPicker.com to configure your parts and for further thoughts on compatibility.
First off building a computer is 100% based around what you plan to use the computer for.
Here are a few uses and generic ideas of what to go for. Audio Editing: Lots of small tasks that need to be completed quickly without lag. - Fast Processor( >4GHZ) - Fast RAM (MHZ) -At least 16 gigs! - Fast Storage, SSD manditorily - M.2 or PCI for best performance. - Shitty Graphics card, graphics card there only to keep the cpu from doing other tasks when working. - Can be a few generations or years old. - Many screens for lots of plug in windows to be open Video Editing: Lots of large to render and files to read. - Multi core processor the more the merrier - SSD for fast read/write of large video files. - Insane graphics card, AMD graphics cards are debatibly better but the nvidia Quadro series are specific for video rendering. Gaming: No more than 4 cores intense graphics card - 92% of games are not coded for more than 4 cores so why spend the extra money for it. - SSD for quick load screens - Nvidia cards, 10 series, the higher the number the better. Titan cards for MAXIMUM OVERDRIVE! Coding: quick processor for lots of small tasks. Ergonomic peripherials? - Dear god please dont use a mechanical keyboard so that your coworkers dont kill you. Home office: Everything can be a few gens behind so you can get the best power per dollar spent. - Sorry that Gateway doesnt exist anymore. I guess try Dell... 
Parts (Expensive Legos)
CPU (tells things to go places and outputs data) Basically three main routes to go for: Intel, AMD, or ASIC. Intel - Gaming, Data center, Hackintosh Pros: Cooler, Faster speed (GHZ), short small tasks faster Cons: $$$$, less cores AMD - Gaming, Personal Computing, Large task processing Pros: Lots of cores, better price per performance, faster processing of large tasks Cons: Hot chips, large chips?, compatibility issues with MacOS. ASIC - "Application-specific integrated circuit" Pros: Does the task that they are made to do insanely efficently, great for mining. Cons: Literally does nothing else. Holy hell these are expensive, very hot (fans will get loud) CPU Cooler (Im a big fan) Most come with an in box cooler that are ok but please buy aftermarket. In Box - the free shitty cooler that comes with the processor. Pros: Free. Cons: Ugly, makes chip run hot, hard to clean Air cooler - oldest type of cooler but new designs are highly efficent. Pros: Only cooler that has the possibility of being 100% quiet, most likely cheaper Cons: large, if cooler isnt large enough for the chips thermal output the fans will be loud. Liquid - Custom pipes are beautiful, AIO is easy to install and offers similare performance. Pros: Looks cool, great temperatures, "quiet" Cons: Water pump has possibility of being loud, possible spills Phase Change - uses the technology of refridgerators to cool the chip Pros: Can overclock until the chip breaks. (whats colder than cold? ICE COLD!) Cons: Loud (compressor noise), Large pipes, just why.... Motherboard (the convienacnce store of computer parts) Really just about what type of I/O you want. - MAKE SURE FORM FACTOR FITS YOUR CASE! (or vice versa) - Look for PCI lanes for expansion. - How many graphic cards do you have? - PCI based interfaces? - PCI SSD? - PCI DAC? - PCI WIFI? - USbs? Network? Audio? - How many lanes of RAM? - DOES IT FIT YOUR PROCESSOR!?! (really tho) - M.2? - How many sata interaces? Good Brands: MSI, ASUS, Gigabyte Bad Brands: AS(s)Rock, Dell Memory (Dory) - The more the merrier - No less than 8gb for a functional windows machine (16 gb to never have a problem) - Use all the lanes your computer has to offer! the more lanes to access the faster the data can travel! -Imagine drinking a milkshake. If the straw is wider you can drink more of the milkshake than a skinny straw. - Faster MHZ for faster data access but give minimal performance differances - Please get ram with heat spreadders unles youre building a server with high airflow. - Make sure the type (DDR3 or DDR4) of RAM matches what your processomotherboard call for. Good Brands: Corsair, G.Skill, Ballistix Storage (Grandpa that remembers everythign about how things used to be but takes forever to learn a new tasK) Speed or massive storage? slower is cheaper. Golden ratio of speed/storage/price is 250-500 gb SSD and a 1+ tb disk drive. *Max speeds listed are for a single drive not RAID* Hard Disk Drives (HDD) - Cheapest and slowest - read/write speeds of < 0.5gb/s - 7200+ RPM or GTFO - Higher Speed drives can access data faster. - Do not move while powered up. physical parts will break. - Larger Cahche = faster Read/Write Speeds Pros: Cheap, Holds massive amounts of data Cons: Slower than molasses in a frezer Reputible Brands: Seagate, WD Solid State Drives (SSD) - necessity for quick boots and fast load screens (can only be re-written to so many times) - SATA based (2.5 inch)- Read/Write speeds capped @ 6 gb/s Pros: Most economical, form factor fits with old computers, Cons: "Slow" compared to other ssd's (but stil 12 times faster than a HDD) - M.2 based - Read/Write speeds capped @ 10 gb/s Pros: Size of a sick of gum! High End but not too expensive to be out of reach. Cons: Expensive for any size over 500 gb - PCI based - Read/Write speeds capped @ 20 gb/s for PCI3, x4 Pros: HOLY BANDWIDTH BATMAN! Faster than that little creepy ghost thats always in the corner of you eye Cons: You might have to take out a loan to buy one. *takes up a x4 PCI Lane* Reputible Brands: Samsung! Corsair, Plextor, Intel, Kingston, Crucial Video Card (that one kid that has thick glasses and is really good at math) - A regular old PCI card that handles all of the video rendering and output for your computer. - ASIC PCI cards. - The PCBs and chips are patented by two main companies but the differances come from line up and varying manufacturer cooling devices. - The more memory the better -NVIDIA (Team Green) Great for gaming, has specific card series for intensive rendering. Lazy driver updates. - Gaming - 900 series - Cheap - Low performance - Can play any video game made befrore 2010 on max settings - 1000 (ten) series - Expensive (thanks bitcoin miners...) - Great for VR! - Video Rendering -Quadro Series - Gaming and Rendering - Titan X - Maxwell based chip same as 900 series cards - Titan XP - Pascal based chip same as 10 series cards -AMD (Team Red) Underdog does the same thing but slighly worse and cheaper. (except video rendering) - Gaming - RX 400 series - Cheap - Hot - RX 500 series - Cheap - Ok at VR and deacent gaming frame rates. - Not bad but not particularly great either. - Video Rendering - Fire Pro series - Gaming and Rendering - Vega series -Good luck finding one to buy lmao Case (Fancy clothing for your parts!) - Similar to human clothing you want it to do a few main things really well with compromises for each extreme. - Durability - Steel - Incredibly durable - Creates Farady cage for components - Heavy af - Magnets, just magnets.... - Rust over time - Aluminium - Light - East to bend for modding or "physical maintenance" - Less likely to rust - Huzzah for Farady cages! - Plastic - Just dont - no electrical Ground - no faraday cage - Light AF! - Breath (Airflow) - positive internal airflow! - larger fans push the same amount of air with less speed/noise - Looks - Window? - RGB - Cool Paint? - Fit all your parts - graphics card length/ clearacne - support for liquid cooling raiators? - How many spots for HDD/SSDs - Motherboard format - Cable management! Power Supply (FIGHT MILK) - Rule of thumb: BUy Powersupply that outputs 1.5 times the wattage that you need. - You can walk further than you can you can run. - The PSU can casually output 50-75% power for much longer than at 90-100% (without failure) - If you never demand enough wattage for it to get hot the fan doesnt have to turn on therefore making it quieter. - Modular means you can remove/replace the cables from the PSU. Reputible Brands: Corsair, EVGA Optical Drive (motorized cup holder) - You can download most things today so I'd suggest against it unless you really NEED to watch/write DVD's/CD's Operating System (software that makes everything work) Windows (Always Updates) - Compatible with just about everything - Easy to learn to code on! - POS inital browser - Likely to get virus's Linux (Penguins are cute) - Unique - takes less resources to run - Barebones - Incredibly personalizable! - Compatibility issues with just about everything MacOS (Linux but more annoying) - It is legal! - Great for art and your grandma that doenst know how to use computers! - User friendly - Compatibility issues with various hardware - Confusing/Limiting coding structure Peripherials (cables everywhere!) - Keyboard (higer Polling rate is better) - Mechanical (key is pressed at an exact stroke length every time - Mouse (Higher Polling rate is better) - more buttons = better? - DPI (Dots Per Inch) - In theory, if a mouse has 1600 DPI, then, if you move your mouse one inch (2.54 cm), the mouse cursor will move 1600 pixels - Higher DPI the faster your cursor is able to be moved. - Monitor - In theory the human eye cant see faster than 60 frames per second. - Keep in mind Pixel ratio! - 4k screen that is 22inches will have more pixels in a square inch than a 4k screen that is 28 inches. - Interface? - DVI (Analog) - thumbscrews..... - can do two monitors with one port! - support for 4k - VGA (Analog) - thumbscrews... - max resolution is 1440p - Display Port (digital) - nice button clip - supports 4k - HDMI (Digital) - 1.2 or higer supports 4k - DAC/Speakers/Headphones - Dont even get me started - Microphone - Dont get me started PT.2 Other (other) - UPS (uninterruptible power supply) Just a battery that allows your computer to have some time if the power ever goes out so that you have time to save your work. - Cable Organization materials! - Zipties - velcro - LED LIGHTING! - Manditory - Extra/Better fans - More pressure, less woosh - IFIXIT Pro Tech Toolkit - becasue who buys just one torx wrench. - Cute kitten mousepad - Yes, it has to be a cat. Dont argue 
This is a very general entry into building computers and what you should buy/look for. If you have any questions/comments send me an e-mail!
-Zac Holley-
submitted by Zac_Attack13 to pcmasterrace [link] [comments]

The beginning of the end

The beginning of the end submitted by Euphenomenal to dogecoin [link] [comments]

Antminer S9 no longer hashing?

Good morning folks,
I have an Antminer S9 that has performed flawlessly. After I moved it to a better location, I noticed that it no longer seems to be working. The green light is flashing, but it doesn't seem to be hashing to my pool (Nicehash).
I'm fairly new to Bitcoining mining and can't make sense of some of the information on my status screen. Before I jump into Bitmain support, I was wondering if anyone could clue me in as to what the problem might be.
https://s15.postimg.cc/i0n5qsyoInked_Capture_LI.jpg
I'll post my Kernal Log here.
Thank you in advance!!!
KERNAL LOG: [ 0.000000] Booting Linux on physical CPU 0x0
[ 0.000000] Linux version 3.14.0-xilinx-ge8a2f71-dirty ([email protected]) (gcc version 4.8.3 20140320 (prerelease) (Sourcery CodeBench Lite 2014.05-23) ) #82 SMP PREEMPT Tue May 16 19:49:53 CST 2017
[ 0.000000] CPU: ARMv7 Processor [413fc090] revision 0 (ARMv7), cr=18c5387d
[ 0.000000] CPU: PIPT / VIPT nonaliasing data cache, VIPT aliasing instruction cache
[ 0.000000] Machine model: Xilinx Zynq
[ 0.000000] cma: CMA: reserved 128 MiB at 27800000
[ 0.000000] Memory policy: Data cache writealloc
[ 0.000000] On node 0 totalpages: 258048
[ 0.000000] free_area_init_node: node 0, pgdat c0740a40, node_mem_map e6fd8000
[ 0.000000] Normal zone: 1520 pages used for memmap
[ 0.000000] Normal zone: 0 pages reserved
[ 0.000000] Normal zone: 194560 pages, LIFO batch:31
[ 0.000000] HighMem zone: 496 pages used for memmap
[ 0.000000] HighMem zone: 63488 pages, LIFO batch:15
[ 0.000000] PERCPU: Embedded 8 pages/cpu @e6fc0000 s9088 r8192 d15488 u32768
[ 0.000000] pcpu-alloc: s9088 r8192 d15488 u32768 alloc=8*4096
[ 0.000000] pcpu-alloc: [0] 0 [0] 1
[ 0.000000] Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on. Total pages: 256528
[ 0.000000] Kernel command line: noinitrd mem=1008M console=ttyPS0,115200 root=ubi0:rootfs ubi.mtd=1 rootfstype=ubifs rw rootwait
[ 0.000000] PID hash table entries: 4096 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
[ 0.000000] Dentry cache hash table entries: 131072 (order: 7, 524288 bytes)
[ 0.000000] Inode-cache hash table entries: 65536 (order: 6, 262144 bytes)
[ 0.000000] Memory: 884148K/1032192K available (5032K kernel code, 283K rwdata, 1916K rodata, 204K init, 258K bss, 148044K reserved, 253952K highmem)
[ 0.000000] Virtual kernel memory layout:
[ 0.000000] vector : 0xffff0000 - 0xffff1000 ( 4 kB)
[ 0.000000] fixmap : 0xfff00000 - 0xfffe0000 ( 896 kB)
[ 0.000000] vmalloc : 0xf0000000 - 0xff000000 ( 240 MB)
[ 0.000000] lowmem : 0xc0000000 - 0xef800000 ( 760 MB)
[ 0.000000] pkmap : 0xbfe00000 - 0xc0000000 ( 2 MB)
[ 0.000000] modules : 0xbf000000 - 0xbfe00000 ( 14 MB)
[ 0.000000] .text : 0xc0008000 - 0xc06d1374 (6949 kB)
[ 0.000000] .init : 0xc06d2000 - 0xc0705380 ( 205 kB)
[ 0.000000] .data : 0xc0706000 - 0xc074cf78 ( 284 kB)
[ 0.000000] .bss : 0xc074cf84 - 0xc078d9fc ( 259 kB)
[ 0.000000] Preemptible hierarchical RCU implementation.
[ 0.000000] Dump stacks of tasks blocking RCU-preempt GP.
[ 0.000000] RCU restricting CPUs from NR_CPUS=4 to nr_cpu_ids=2.
[ 0.000000] RCU: Adjusting geometry for rcu_fanout_leaf=16, nr_cpu_ids=2
[ 0.000000] NR_IRQS:16 nr_irqs:16 16
[ 0.000000] ps7-slcr mapped to f0004000
[ 0.000000] zynq_clock_init: clkc starts at f0004100
[ 0.000000] Zynq clock init
[ 0.000015] sched_clock: 64 bits at 333MHz, resolution 3ns, wraps every 3298534883328ns
[ 0.000308] ps7-ttc #0 at f0006000, irq=43
[ 0.000618] Console: colour dummy device 80x30
[ 0.000658] Calibrating delay loop... 1325.46 BogoMIPS (lpj=6627328)
[ 0.040207] pid_max: default: 32768 minimum: 301
[ 0.040436] Mount-cache hash table entries: 2048 (order: 1, 8192 bytes)
[ 0.040459] Mountpoint-cache hash table entries: 2048 (order: 1, 8192 bytes)
[ 0.042612] CPU: Testing write buffer coherency: ok
[ 0.042974] CPU0: thread -1, cpu 0, socket 0, mpidr 80000000
[ 0.043036] Setting up static identity map for 0x4c4b00 - 0x4c4b58
[ 0.043263] L310 cache controller enabled
[ 0.043282] l2x0: 8 ways, CACHE_ID 0x410000c8, AUX_CTRL 0x72760000, Cache size: 512 kB
[ 0.121037] CPU1: Booted secondary processor
[ 0.210227] CPU1: thread -1, cpu 1, socket 0, mpidr 80000001
[ 0.210357] Brought up 2 CPUs
[ 0.210376] SMP: Total of 2 processors activated.
[ 0.210385] CPU: All CPU(s) started in SVC mode.
[ 0.211051] devtmpfs: initialized
[ 0.213481] VFP support v0.3: implementor 41 architecture 3 part 30 variant 9 rev 4
[ 0.214724] regulator-dummy: no parameters
[ 0.223736] NET: Registered protocol family 16
[ 0.226067] DMA: preallocated 256 KiB pool for atomic coherent allocations
[ 0.228361] cpuidle: using governor ladder
[ 0.228374] cpuidle: using governor menu
[ 0.235908] syscon f8000000.ps7-slcr: regmap [mem 0xf8000000-0xf8000fff] registered
[ 0.237440] hw-breakpoint: found 5 (+1 reserved) breakpoint and 1 watchpoint registers.
[ 0.237453] hw-breakpoint: maximum watchpoint size is 4 bytes.
[ 0.237572] zynq-ocm f800c000.ps7-ocmc: ZYNQ OCM pool: 256 KiB @ 0xf0080000
[ 0.259435] bio: create slab at 0
[ 0.261172] vgaarb: loaded
[ 0.261915] SCSI subsystem initialized
[ 0.262814] usbcore: registered new interface driver usbfs
[ 0.262985] usbcore: registered new interface driver hub
[ 0.263217] usbcore: registered new device driver usb
[ 0.263743] media: Linux media interface: v0.10
[ 0.263902] Linux video capture interface: v2.00
[ 0.264150] pps_core: LinuxPPS API ver. 1 registered
[ 0.264162] pps_core: Software ver. 5.3.6 - Copyright 2005-2007 Rodolfo Giometti <[[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])>
[ 0.264286] PTP clock support registered
[ 0.264656] EDAC MC: Ver: 3.0.0
[ 0.265719] Advanced Linux Sound Architecture Driver Initialized.
[ 0.268708] DMA-API: preallocated 4096 debug entries
[ 0.268724] DMA-API: debugging enabled by kernel config
[ 0.268820] Switched to clocksource arm_global_timer
[ 0.289596] NET: Registered protocol family 2
[ 0.290280] TCP established hash table entries: 8192 (order: 3, 32768 bytes)
[ 0.290375] TCP bind hash table entries: 8192 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)
[ 0.290535] TCP: Hash tables configured (established 8192 bind 8192)
[ 0.290612] TCP: reno registered
[ 0.290633] UDP hash table entries: 512 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
[ 0.290689] UDP-Lite hash table entries: 512 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
[ 0.290971] NET: Registered protocol family 1
[ 0.291346] RPC: Registered named UNIX socket transport module.
[ 0.291359] RPC: Registered udp transport module.
[ 0.291368] RPC: Registered tcp transport module.
[ 0.291376] RPC: Registered tcp NFSv4.1 backchannel transport module.
[ 0.291391] PCI: CLS 0 bytes, default 64
[ 0.291857] hw perfevents: enabled with ARMv7 Cortex-A9 PMU driver, 7 counters available
[ 0.293945] futex hash table entries: 512 (order: 3, 32768 bytes)
[ 0.295408] bounce pool size: 64 pages
[ 0.296323] jffs2: version 2.2. (NAND) © 2001-2006 Red Hat, Inc.
[ 0.296525] msgmni has been set to 1486
[ 0.297330] io scheduler noop registered
[ 0.297343] io scheduler deadline registered
[ 0.297385] io scheduler cfq registered (default)
[ 0.308358] dma-pl330 f8003000.ps7-dma: Loaded driver for PL330 DMAC-2364208
[ 0.308380] dma-pl330 f8003000.ps7-dma: DBUFF-128x8bytes Num_Chans-8 Num_Peri-4 Num_Events-16
[ 0.434378] e0001000.serial: ttyPS0 at MMIO 0xe0001000 (irq = 82, base_baud = 3124999) is a xuartps
[ 1.006815] console [ttyPS0] enabled
[ 1.011106] xdevcfg f8007000.ps7-dev-cfg: ioremap 0xf8007000 to f0068000
[ 1.018731] [drm] Initialized drm 1.1.0 20060810
[ 1.036029] brd: module loaded
[ 1.045494] loop: module loaded
[ 1.055163] e1000e: Intel(R) PRO/1000 Network Driver - 2.3.2-k
[ 1.060985] e1000e: Copyright(c) 1999 - 2013 Intel Corporation.
[ 1.068779] libphy: XEMACPS mii bus: probed
[ 1.073341] ------------- phy_id = 0x3625e62
[ 1.078112] xemacps e000b000.ps7-ethernet: pdev->id -1, baseaddr 0xe000b000, irq 54
[ 1.087072] ehci_hcd: USB 2.0 'Enhanced' Host Controller (EHCI) Driver
[ 1.093912] ehci-pci: EHCI PCI platform driver
[ 1.101155] zynq-dr e0002000.ps7-usb: Unable to init USB phy, missing?
[ 1.107952] usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage
[ 1.114850] mousedev: PS/2 mouse device common for all mice
[ 1.120975] i2c /dev entries driver
[ 1.127946] zynq-edac f8006000.ps7-ddrc: ecc not enabled
[ 1.133474] cpufreq_cpu0: failed to get cpu0 regulator: -19
[ 1.139426] Xilinx Zynq CpuIdle Driver started
[ 1.144261] sdhci: Secure Digital Host Controller Interface driver
[ 1.150384] sdhci: Copyright(c) Pierre Ossman
[ 1.154700] sdhci-pltfm: SDHCI platform and OF driver helper
[ 1.161601] mmc0: no vqmmc regulator found
[ 1.165614] mmc0: no vmmc regulator found
[ 1.208845] mmc0: SDHCI controller on e0100000.ps7-sdio [e0100000.ps7-sdio] using ADMA
[ 1.217539] usbcore: registered new interface driver usbhid
[ 1.223054] usbhid: USB HID core driver
[ 1.227806] nand: device found, Manufacturer ID: 0x2c, Chip ID: 0xda
[ 1.234107] nand: Micron MT29F2G08ABAEAWP
[ 1.238074] nand: 256MiB, SLC, page size: 2048, OOB size: 64
[ 1.244027] Bad block table found at page 131008, version 0x01
[ 1.250251] Bad block table found at page 130944, version 0x01
[ 1.256303] 3 ofpart partitions found on MTD device pl353-nand
[ 1.262080] Creating 3 MTD partitions on "pl353-nand":
[ 1.267174] 0x000000000000-0x000002000000 : "BOOT.bin-env-dts-kernel"
[ 1.275230] 0x000002000000-0x00000b000000 : "angstram-rootfs"
[ 1.282582] 0x00000b000000-0x000010000000 : "upgrade-rootfs"
[ 1.291630] TCP: cubic registered
[ 1.294869] NET: Registered protocol family 17
[ 1.299597] Registering SWP/SWPB emulation handler
[ 1.305497] regulator-dummy: disabling
[ 1.309875] UBI: attaching mtd1 to ubi0
[ 1.836565] UBI: scanning is finished
[ 1.848221] UBI: attached mtd1 (name "angstram-rootfs", size 144 MiB) to ubi0
[ 1.855302] UBI: PEB size: 131072 bytes (128 KiB), LEB size: 126976 bytes
[ 1.862063] UBI: min./max. I/O unit sizes: 2048/2048, sub-page size 2048
[ 1.868728] UBI: VID header offset: 2048 (aligned 2048), data offset: 4096
[ 1.875605] UBI: good PEBs: 1152, bad PEBs: 0, corrupted PEBs: 0
[ 1.881586] UBI: user volume: 1, internal volumes: 1, max. volumes count: 128
[ 1.888693] UBI: max/mean erase counter: 4/1, WL threshold: 4096, image sequence number: 1134783803
[ 1.897736] UBI: available PEBs: 0, total reserved PEBs: 1152, PEBs reserved for bad PEB handling: 40
[ 1.906953] UBI: background thread "ubi_bgt0d" started, PID 1080
[ 1.906959] drivers/rtc/hctosys.c: unable to open rtc device (rtc0)
[ 1.911038] ALSA device list:
[ 1.911042] No soundcards found.
[ 1.927420] UBIFS: background thread "ubifs_bgt0_0" started, PID 1082
[ 1.956473] UBIFS: recovery needed
[ 2.016970] UBIFS: recovery completed
[ 2.020709] UBIFS: mounted UBI device 0, volume 0, name "rootfs"
[ 2.026635] UBIFS: LEB size: 126976 bytes (124 KiB), min./max. I/O unit sizes: 2048 bytes/2048 bytes
[ 2.035771] UBIFS: FS size: 128626688 bytes (122 MiB, 1013 LEBs), journal size 9023488 bytes (8 MiB, 72 LEBs)
[ 2.045653] UBIFS: reserved for root: 0 bytes (0 KiB)
[ 2.050693] UBIFS: media format: w4/r0 (latest is w4/r0), UUID B079DD56-06BB-4E31-8F5E-A6604F480DB2, small LPT model
[ 2.061987] VFS: Mounted root (ubifs filesystem) on device 0:11.
[ 2.069184] devtmpfs: mounted
[ 2.072297] Freeing unused kernel memory: 204K (c06d2000 - c0705000)
[ 2.920928] random: dd urandom read with 0 bits of entropy available
[ 3.318860]
[ 3.318860] bcm54xx_config_init
[ 3.928853]
[ 3.928853] bcm54xx_config_init
[ 7.929682] xemacps e000b000.ps7-ethernet: Set clk to 124999998 Hz
[ 7.935787] xemacps e000b000.ps7-ethernet: link up (1000/FULL)
[ 22.563181] In axi fpga driver!
[ 22.566260] request_mem_region OK!
[ 22.569676] AXI fpga dev virtual address is 0xf01fe000
[ 22.574751] *base_vir_addr = 0x8c510
[ 22.590723] In fpga mem driver!
[ 22.593791] request_mem_region OK!
[ 22.597361] fpga mem virtual address is 0xf3000000
[ 23.408156]
[ 23.408156] bcm54xx_config_init
[ 24.038071]
[ 24.038071] bcm54xx_config_init
[ 28.038487] xemacps e000b000.ps7-ethernet: Set clk to 124999998 Hz
[ 28.044593] xemacps e000b000.ps7-ethernet: link up (1000/FULL)
This is XILINX board. Totalram: 1039794176
Detect 1GB control board of XILINX
DETECT HW version=0008c510
miner ID : 8118b4c610358854
Miner Type = S9
AsicType = 1387
real AsicNum = 63
use critical mode to search freq...
get PLUG ON=0x000000e0
Find hashboard on Chain[5]
Find hashboard on Chain[6]
Find hashboard on Chain[7]
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x0000ffff
Check chain[5] PIC fw version=0x03
Check chain[6] PIC fw version=0x03
Check chain[7] PIC fw version=0x03
chain[5]: [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255]
has freq in PIC, will disable freq setting.
chain[5] has freq in PIC and will jump over...
Chain[5] has core num in PIC
Chain[5] ASIC[15] has core num=5
Check chain[5] PIC fw version=0x03
chain[6]: [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255]
has freq in PIC, will disable freq setting.
chain[6] has freq in PIC and will jump over...
Chain[6] has core num in PIC
Chain[6] ASIC[17] has core num=8
Check chain[6] PIC fw version=0x03
chain[7]: [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255]
has freq in PIC, will disable freq setting.
chain[7] has freq in PIC and will jump over...
Chain[7] has core num in PIC
Chain[7] ASIC[8] has core num=13
Chain[7] ASIC[9] has core num=11
Chain[7] ASIC[13] has core num=11
Chain[7] ASIC[19] has core num=14
Chain[7] ASIC[30] has core num=6
Chain[7] ASIC[32] has core num=1
Chain[7] ASIC[42] has core num=2
Chain[7] ASIC[55] has core num=1
Chain[7] ASIC[57] has core num=2
Check chain[7] PIC fw version=0x03
get PIC voltage=108 on chain[5], value=880
get PIC voltage=74 on chain[6], value=900
get PIC voltage=108 on chain[7], value=880
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x00000000
chain[5] temp offset record: 62,0,0,0,0,0,35,28
chain[5] temp chip I2C addr=0x98
chain[5] has no middle temp, use special fix mode.
chain[6] temp offset record: 62,0,0,0,0,0,35,28
chain[6] temp chip I2C addr=0x98
chain[6] has no middle temp, use special fix mode.
chain[7] temp offset record: 62,0,0,0,0,0,35,28
chain[7] temp chip I2C addr=0x98
chain[7] has no middle temp, use special fix mode.
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x0000ffff
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x00000000
CRC error counter=0
set command mode to VIL
--- check asic number
After Get ASIC NUM CRC error counter=0
set_baud=0
The min freq=700
set real timeout 52, need sleep=379392
After TEST CRC error counter=0
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x0000ffff
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x00000000
search freq for 1 times, completed chain = 3, total chain num = 3
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x0000ffff
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x00000000
restart Miner chance num=2
waiting for receive_func to exit!
waiting for pic heart to exit!
bmminer not found= 1643 root 0:00 grep bmminer
bmminer not found, restart bmminer ...
This is user mode for mining
Detect 1GB control board of XILINX
Miner Type = S9
Miner compile time: Fri Nov 17 17:57:49 CST 2017 type: Antminer S9set_reset_allhashboard = 0x0000ffff
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x00000000
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x0000ffff
miner ID : 8118b4c610358854
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x0000ffff
Checking fans!get fan[2] speed=6120
get fan[2] speed=6120
get fan[2] speed=6120
get fan[2] speed=6120
get fan[2] speed=6120
get fan[2] speed=6120
get fan[5] speed=13440
get fan[2] speed=6120
get fan[5] speed=13440
get fan[2] speed=6120
get fan[5] speed=13440
chain[5]: [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255]
Chain[J6] has backup chain_voltage=880
Chain[J6] test patten OK temp=-126
Check chain[5] PIC fw version=0x03
chain[6]: [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255]
Chain[J7] has backup chain_voltage=900
Chain[J7] test patten OK temp=-120
Check chain[6] PIC fw version=0x03
chain[7]: [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255]
Chain[J8] has backup chain_voltage=880
Chain[J8] test patten OK temp=-125
Check chain[7] PIC fw version=0x03
Chain[J6] orignal chain_voltage_pic=108 value=880
Chain[J7] orignal chain_voltage_pic=74 value=900
Chain[J8] orignal chain_voltage_pic=108 value=880
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x0000ffff
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x00000000
Chain[J6] has 63 asic
Chain[J7] has 63 asic
Chain[J8] has 63 asic
Chain[J6] has core num in PIC
Chain[J6] ASIC[15] has core num=5
Chain[J7] has core num in PIC
Chain[J7] ASIC[17] has core num=8
Chain[J8] has core num in PIC
Chain[J8] ASIC[8] has core num=13
Chain[J8] ASIC[9] has core num=11
Chain[J8] ASIC[13] has core num=11
Chain[J8] ASIC[19] has core num=14
Chain[J8] ASIC[30] has core num=6
Chain[J8] ASIC[32] has core num=1
Chain[J8] ASIC[42] has core num=2
Chain[J8] ASIC[55] has core num=1
Chain[J8] ASIC[57] has core num=2
miner total rate=13999GH/s fixed rate=13500GH/s
read PIC voltage=940 on chain[5]
Chain:5 chipnum=63
Chain[J6] voltage added=0.2V
Chain:5 temp offset=0
Chain:5 base freq=487
Asic[ 0]:618
Asic[ 1]:631 Asic[ 2]:681 Asic[ 3]:618 Asic[ 4]:631 Asic[ 5]:681 Asic[ 6]:618 Asic[ 7]:631 Asic[ 8]:675
Asic[ 9]:618 Asic[10]:631 Asic[11]:681 Asic[12]:631 Asic[13]:637 Asic[14]:606 Asic[15]:487 Asic[16]:637
Asic[17]:675 Asic[18]:618 Asic[19]:637 Asic[20]:675 Asic[21]:631 Asic[22]:650 Asic[23]:687 Asic[24]:631
Asic[25]:537 Asic[26]:687 Asic[27]:631 Asic[28]:587 Asic[29]:687 Asic[30]:612 Asic[31]:650 Asic[32]:687
Asic[33]:631 Asic[34]:650 Asic[35]:687 Asic[36]:631 Asic[37]:662 Asic[38]:693 Asic[39]:631 Asic[40]:662
Asic[41]:662 Asic[42]:543 Asic[43]:668 Asic[44]:693 Asic[45]:568 Asic[46]:675 Asic[47]:700 Asic[48]:631
Asic[49]:568 Asic[50]:700 Asic[51]:631 Asic[52]:625 Asic[53]:700 Asic[54]:631 Asic[55]:675 Asic[56]:662
Asic[57]:631 Asic[58]:662 Asic[59]:687 Asic[60]:631 Asic[61]:681 Asic[62]:700
Chain:5 max freq=700
Chain:5 min freq=487
read PIC voltage=940 on chain[6]
Chain:6 chipnum=63
Chain[J7] voltage added=0.1V
Chain:6 temp offset=0
Chain:6 base freq=687
Asic[ 0]:650
Asic[ 1]:650 Asic[ 2]:650 Asic[ 3]:650 Asic[ 4]:650 Asic[ 5]:650 Asic[ 6]:650 Asic[ 7]:650 Asic[ 8]:650
Asic[ 9]:650 Asic[10]:650 Asic[11]:650 Asic[12]:650 Asic[13]:650 Asic[14]:650 Asic[15]:650 Asic[16]:650
Asic[17]:650 Asic[18]:650 Asic[19]:650 Asic[20]:650 Asic[21]:650 Asic[22]:650 Asic[23]:650 Asic[24]:650
Asic[25]:650 Asic[26]:656 Asic[27]:656 Asic[28]:656 Asic[29]:656 Asic[30]:656 Asic[31]:656 Asic[32]:656
Asic[33]:656 Asic[34]:656 Asic[35]:656 Asic[36]:656 Asic[37]:656 Asic[38]:656 Asic[39]:656 Asic[40]:656
Asic[41]:656 Asic[42]:656 Asic[43]:656 Asic[44]:656 Asic[45]:656 Asic[46]:656 Asic[47]:656 Asic[48]:656
Asic[49]:656 Asic[50]:656 Asic[51]:656 Asic[52]:656 Asic[53]:656 Asic[54]:656 Asic[55]:656 Asic[56]:656
Asic[57]:656 Asic[58]:656 Asic[59]:656 Asic[60]:656 Asic[61]:656 Asic[62]:656
Chain:6 max freq=656
Chain:6 min freq=650
read PIC voltage=940 on chain[7]
Chain:7 chipnum=63
Chain[J8] voltage added=0.2V
Chain:7 temp offset=0
Chain:7 base freq=637
Asic[ 0]:656
Asic[ 1]:656 Asic[ 2]:656 Asic[ 3]:656 Asic[ 4]:656 Asic[ 5]:656 Asic[ 6]:656 Asic[ 7]:656 Asic[ 8]:637
Asic[ 9]:637 Asic[10]:656 Asic[11]:656 Asic[12]:656 Asic[13]:637 Asic[14]:656 Asic[15]:662 Asic[16]:662
Asic[17]:662 Asic[18]:662 Asic[19]:637 Asic[20]:662 Asic[21]:662 Asic[22]:662 Asic[23]:662 Asic[24]:662
Asic[25]:662 Asic[26]:662 Asic[27]:662 Asic[28]:662 Asic[29]:662 Asic[30]:637 Asic[31]:662 Asic[32]:662
Asic[33]:662 Asic[34]:662 Asic[35]:662 Asic[36]:662 Asic[37]:662 Asic[38]:662 Asic[39]:662 Asic[40]:662
Asic[41]:662 Asic[42]:650 Asic[43]:662 Asic[44]:662 Asic[45]:662 Asic[46]:662 Asic[47]:662 Asic[48]:662
Asic[49]:662 Asic[50]:662 Asic[51]:662 Asic[52]:662 Asic[53]:662 Asic[54]:662 Asic[55]:650 Asic[56]:662
Asic[57]:650 Asic[58]:662 Asic[59]:662 Asic[60]:662 Asic[61]:662 Asic[62]:662
Chain:7 max freq=662
Chain:7 min freq=637
Miner fix freq ...
read PIC voltage=940 on chain[5]
Chain:5 chipnum=63
Chain[J6] voltage added=0.2V
Chain:5 temp offset=0
Chain:5 base freq=487
Asic[ 0]:618
Asic[ 1]:631 Asic[ 2]:650 Asic[ 3]:618 Asic[ 4]:631 Asic[ 5]:656 Asic[ 6]:618 Asic[ 7]:631 Asic[ 8]:656
Asic[ 9]:618 Asic[10]:631 Asic[11]:656 Asic[12]:631 Asic[13]:637 Asic[14]:606 Asic[15]:487 Asic[16]:637
Asic[17]:656 Asic[18]:618 Asic[19]:637 Asic[20]:656 Asic[21]:631 Asic[22]:650 Asic[23]:656 Asic[24]:631
Asic[25]:537 Asic[26]:656 Asic[27]:631 Asic[28]:587 Asic[29]:656 Asic[30]:612 Asic[31]:650 Asic[32]:656
Asic[33]:631 Asic[34]:650 Asic[35]:656 Asic[36]:631 Asic[37]:656 Asic[38]:656 Asic[39]:631 Asic[40]:656
Asic[41]:656 Asic[42]:543 Asic[43]:656 Asic[44]:656 Asic[45]:568 Asic[46]:656 Asic[47]:656 Asic[48]:631
Asic[49]:568 Asic[50]:656 Asic[51]:631 Asic[52]:625 Asic[53]:656 Asic[54]:631 Asic[55]:656 Asic[56]:656
Asic[57]:631 Asic[58]:656 Asic[59]:656 Asic[60]:631 Asic[61]:656 Asic[62]:656
Chain:5 max freq=656
Chain:5 min freq=487
read PIC voltage=940 on chain[6]
Chain:6 chipnum=63
Chain[J7] voltage added=0.1V
Chain:6 temp offset=0
Chain:6 base freq=687
Asic[ 0]:631
Asic[ 1]:631 Asic[ 2]:631 Asic[ 3]:631 Asic[ 4]:631 Asic[ 5]:631 Asic[ 6]:631 Asic[ 7]:631 Asic[ 8]:631
Asic[ 9]:631 Asic[10]:631 Asic[11]:631 Asic[12]:631 Asic[13]:631 Asic[14]:631 Asic[15]:631 Asic[16]:631
Asic[17]:631 Asic[18]:631 Asic[19]:631 Asic[20]:631 Asic[21]:631 Asic[22]:631 Asic[23]:631 Asic[24]:631
Asic[25]:631 Asic[26]:631 Asic[27]:631 Asic[28]:631 Asic[29]:631 Asic[30]:631 Asic[31]:631 Asic[32]:631
Asic[33]:631 Asic[34]:631 Asic[35]:637 Asic[36]:637 Asic[37]:637 Asic[38]:637 Asic[39]:637 Asic[40]:637
Asic[41]:637 Asic[42]:637 Asic[43]:637 Asic[44]:637 Asic[45]:637 Asic[46]:637 Asic[47]:637 Asic[48]:637
Asic[49]:637 Asic[50]:637 Asic[51]:637 Asic[52]:637 Asic[53]:637 Asic[54]:637 Asic[55]:637 Asic[56]:637
Asic[57]:637 Asic[58]:637 Asic[59]:637 Asic[60]:637 Asic[61]:637 Asic[62]:637
Chain:6 max freq=637
Chain:6 min freq=631
read PIC voltage=940 on chain[7]
Chain:7 chipnum=63
Chain[J8] voltage added=0.2V
Chain:7 temp offset=0
Chain:7 base freq=637
Asic[ 0]:637
Asic[ 1]:637 Asic[ 2]:637 Asic[ 3]:637 Asic[ 4]:637 Asic[ 5]:637 Asic[ 6]:637 Asic[ 7]:637 Asic[ 8]:637
Asic[ 9]:637 Asic[10]:637 Asic[11]:637 Asic[12]:637 Asic[13]:637 Asic[14]:637 Asic[15]:637 Asic[16]:637
Asic[17]:637 Asic[18]:637 Asic[19]:637 Asic[20]:637 Asic[21]:637 Asic[22]:637 Asic[23]:637 Asic[24]:637
Asic[25]:637 Asic[26]:637 Asic[27]:637 Asic[28]:637 Asic[29]:637 Asic[30]:637 Asic[31]:637 Asic[32]:637
Asic[33]:637 Asic[34]:637 Asic[35]:637 Asic[36]:637 Asic[37]:637 Asic[38]:637 Asic[39]:637 Asic[40]:637
Asic[41]:637 Asic[42]:637 Asic[43]:637 Asic[44]:637 Asic[45]:637 Asic[46]:637 Asic[47]:637 Asic[48]:637
Asic[49]:643 Asic[50]:643 Asic[51]:643 Asic[52]:643 Asic[53]:643 Asic[54]:643 Asic[55]:643 Asic[56]:643
Asic[57]:643 Asic[58]:643 Asic[59]:643 Asic[60]:643 Asic[61]:643 Asic[62]:643
Chain:7 max freq=643
Chain:7 min freq=637
max freq = 656
set baud=1
Chain[J6] PIC temp offset=62,0,0,0,0,0,35,28
chain[5] temp chip I2C addr=0x98
chain[5] has no middle temp, use special fix mode.
Chain[J6] chip[244] use PIC middle temp offset=0 typeID=55
New offset Chain[5] chip[244] local:26 remote:27 offset:29
Chain[J6] chip[244] get middle temp offset=29 typeID=55
Chain[J7] PIC temp offset=62,0,0,0,0,0,35,28
chain[6] temp chip I2C addr=0x98
chain[6] has no middle temp, use special fix mode.
Chain[J7] chip[244] use PIC middle temp offset=0 typeID=55
New offset Chain[6] chip[244] local:26 remote:27 offset:29
Chain[J7] chip[244] get middle temp offset=29 typeID=55
Chain[J8] PIC temp offset=62,0,0,0,0,0,35,28
chain[7] temp chip I2C addr=0x98
chain[7] has no middle temp, use special fix mode.
Chain[J8] chip[244] use PIC middle temp offset=0 typeID=55
New offset Chain[7] chip[244] local:26 remote:28 offset:28
Chain[J8] chip[244] get middle temp offset=28 typeID=55
miner rate=13501 voltage limit=900 on chain[5]
get PIC voltage=880 on chain[5], check: must be < 900
miner rate=13501 voltage limit=900 on chain[6]
get PIC voltage=900 on chain[6], check: must be < 900
miner rate=13501 voltage limit=900 on chain[7]
get PIC voltage=880 on chain[7], check: must be < 900
Chain[J6] set working voltage=880 [108]
Chain[J7] set working voltage=900 [74]
Chain[J8] set working voltage=880 [108]
do heat board 8xPatten for 1 times
start send works on chain[5]
start send works on chain[6]
start send works on chain[7]
get send work num :57456 on Chain[5]
get send work num :57456 on Chain[6]
get send work num :57456 on Chain[7]
wait recv nonce on chain[5]
wait recv nonce on chain[6]
wait recv nonce on chain[7]
get nonces on chain[5]
require nonce number:912
require validnonce number:57456
asic[00]=912 asic[01]=912 asic[02]=912 asic[03]=912 asic[04]=912 asic[05]=912 asic[06]=912 asic[07]=912
asic[08]=912 asic[09]=912 asic[10]=912 asic[11]=912 asic[12]=912 asic[13]=912 asic[14]=912 asic[15]=912
asic[16]=912 asic[17]=912 asic[18]=912 asic[19]=912 asic[20]=912 asic[21]=912 asic[22]=912 asic[23]=912
asic[24]=912 asic[25]=912 asic[26]=912 asic[27]=912 asic[28]=912 asic[29]=912 asic[30]=912 asic[31]=912
asic[32]=912 asic[33]=912 asic[34]=912 asic[35]=912 asic[36]=912 asic[37]=912 asic[38]=912 asic[39]=912
asic[40]=912 asic[41]=912 asic[42]=912 asic[43]=912 asic[44]=912 asic[45]=912 asic[46]=912 asic[47]=912
asic[48]=912 asic[49]=912 asic[50]=912 asic[51]=912 asic[52]=912 asic[53]=912 asic[54]=912 asic[55]=912
asic[56]=912 asic[57]=912 asic[58]=912 asic[59]=912 asic[60]=912 asic[61]=912 asic[62]=912
Below ASIC's core didn't receive all the nonce, they should receive 8 nonce each!
freq[00]=618 freq[01]=631 freq[02]=650 freq[03]=618 freq[04]=631 freq[05]=656 freq[06]=618 freq[07]=631
freq[08]=656 freq[09]=618 freq[10]=631 freq[11]=656 freq[12]=631 freq[13]=637 freq[14]=606 freq[15]=487
freq[16]=637 freq[17]=656 freq[18]=618 freq[19]=637 freq[20]=656 freq[21]=631 freq[22]=650 freq[23]=656
freq[24]=631 freq[25]=537 freq[26]=656 freq[27]=631 freq[28]=587 freq[29]=656 freq[30]=612 freq[31]=650
freq[32]=656 freq[33]=631 freq[34]=650 freq[35]=656 freq[36]=631 freq[37]=656 freq[38]=656 freq[39]=631
freq[40]=656 freq[41]=656 freq[42]=543 freq[43]=656 freq[44]=656 freq[45]=568 freq[46]=656 freq[47]=656
freq[48]=631 freq[49]=568 freq[50]=656 freq[51]=631 freq[52]=625 freq[53]=656 freq[54]=631 freq[55]=656
freq[56]=656 freq[57]=631 freq[58]=656 freq[59]=656 freq[60]=631 freq[61]=656 freq[62]=656
total valid nonce number:57456
total send work number:57456
require valid nonce number:57456
repeated_nonce_num:0
err_nonce_num:25912
last_nonce_num:14370
get nonces on chain[6]
require nonce number:912
require validnonce number:57456
asic[00]=912 asic[01]=912 asic[02]=912 asic[03]=912 asic[04]=912 asic[05]=912 asic[06]=912 asic[07]=912
asic[08]=912 asic[09]=912 asic[10]=912 asic[11]=912 asic[12]=912 asic[13]=912 asic[14]=912 asic[15]=912
asic[16]=912 asic[17]=912 asic[18]=912 asic[19]=912 asic[20]=912 asic[21]=912 asic[22]=912 asic[23]=912
asic[24]=912 asic[25]=912 asic[26]=912 asic[27]=912 asic[28]=912 asic[29]=912 asic[30]=912 asic[31]=912
asic[32]=912 asic[33]=912 asic[34]=912 asic[35]=912 asic[36]=912 asic[37]=912 asic[38]=912 asic[39]=912
asic[40]=912 asic[41]=912 asic[42]=912 asic[43]=912 asic[44]=912 asic[45]=912 asic[46]=912 asic[47]=912
asic[48]=912 asic[49]=912 asic[50]=912 asic[51]=912 asic[52]=912 asic[53]=912 asic[54]=912 asic[55]=912
asic[56]=912 asic[57]=912 asic[58]=912 asic[59]=912 asic[60]=912 asic[61]=912 asic[62]=912
Below ASIC's core didn't receive all the nonce, they should receive 8 nonce each!
freq[00]=631 freq[01]=631 freq[02]=631 freq[03]=631 freq[04]=631 freq[05]=631 freq[06]=631 freq[07]=631
freq[08]=631 freq[09]=631 freq[10]=631 freq[11]=631 freq[12]=631 freq[13]=631 freq[14]=631 freq[15]=631
freq[16]=631 freq[17]=631 freq[18]=631 freq[19]=631 freq[20]=631 freq[21]=631 freq[22]=631 freq[23]=631
freq[24]=631 freq[25]=631 freq[26]=631 freq[27]=631 freq[28]=631 freq[29]=631 freq[30]=631 freq[31]=631
freq[32]=631 freq[33]=631 freq[34]=631 freq[35]=637 freq[36]=637 freq[37]=637 freq[38]=637 freq[39]=637
freq[40]=637 freq[41]=637 freq[42]=637 freq[43]=637 freq[44]=637 freq[45]=637 freq[46]=637 freq[47]=637
freq[48]=637 freq[49]=637 freq[50]=637 freq[51]=637 freq[52]=637 freq[53]=637 freq[54]=637 freq[55]=637
freq[56]=637 freq[57]=637 freq[58]=637 freq[59]=637 freq[60]=637 freq[61]=637 freq[62]=637
total valid nonce number:57456
total send work number:57456
require valid nonce number:57456
repeated_nonce_num:0
err_nonce_num:25987
last_nonce_num:14368
get nonces on chain[7]
require nonce number:912
require validnonce number:57456
asic[00]=912 asic[01]=912 asic[02]=912 asic[03]=912 asic[04]=912 asic[05]=912 asic[06]=912 asic[07]=912
asic[08]=907 asic[09]=912 asic[10]=912 asic[11]=912 asic[12]=912 asic[13]=912 asic[14]=912 asic[15]=912
asic[16]=912 asic[17]=912 asic[18]=912 asic[19]=909 asic[20]=912 asic[21]=912 asic[22]=912 asic[23]=912
asic[24]=912 asic[25]=912 asic[26]=912 asic[27]=912 asic[28]=912 asic[29]=912 asic[30]=912 asic[31]=912
asic[32]=912 asic[33]=912 asic[34]=912 asic[35]=912 asic[36]=912 asic[37]=912 asic[38]=912 asic[39]=912
asic[40]=912 asic[41]=912 asic[42]=912 asic[43]=912 asic[44]=912 asic[45]=912 asic[46]=912 asic[47]=912
asic[48]=912 asic[49]=912 asic[50]=912 asic[51]=912 asic[52]=912 asic[53]=912 asic[54]=912 asic[55]=911
asic[56]=912 asic[57]=912 asic[58]=912 asic[59]=912 asic[60]=912 asic[61]=912 asic[62]=912
Below ASIC's core didn't receive all the nonce, they should receive 8 nonce each!
asic[08]=907
core[049]=7 core[053]=5 core[056]=7
asic[19]=909
core[064]=7 core[112]=6
asic[55]=911
core[007]=7
freq[00]=637 freq[01]=637 freq[02]=637 freq[03]=637 freq[04]=637 freq[05]=637 freq[06]=637 freq[07]=637
freq[08]=637 freq[09]=637 freq[10]=637 freq[11]=637 freq[12]=637 freq[13]=637 freq[14]=637 freq[15]=637
freq[16]=637 freq[17]=637 freq[18]=637 freq[19]=637 freq[20]=637 freq[21]=637 freq[22]=637 freq[23]=637
freq[24]=637 freq[25]=637 freq[26]=637 freq[27]=637 freq[28]=637 freq[29]=637 freq[30]=637 freq[31]=637
freq[32]=637 freq[33]=637 freq[34]=637 freq[35]=637 freq[36]=637 freq[37]=637 freq[38]=637 freq[39]=637
freq[40]=637 freq[41]=637 freq[42]=637 freq[43]=637 freq[44]=637 freq[45]=637 freq[46]=637 freq[47]=637
freq[48]=637 freq[49]=643 freq[50]=643 freq[51]=643 freq[52]=643 freq[53]=643 freq[54]=643 freq[55]=643
freq[56]=643 freq[57]=643 freq[58]=643 freq[59]=643 freq[60]=643 freq[61]=643 freq[62]=643
total valid nonce number:57447
total send work number:57456
require valid nonce number:57456
repeated_nonce_num:0
err_nonce_num:26183
last_nonce_num:35748
chain[5]: All chip cores are opened OK!
Test Patten on chain[5]: OK!
chain[6]: All chip cores are opened OK!
Test Patten on chain[6]: OK!
chain[7]: All chip cores are opened OK!
Test Patten on chain[7]: OK!
setStartTimePoint total_tv_start_sys=217 total_tv_end_sys=218
restartNum = 2 , auto-reinit enabled...
do read_temp_func once...
do check_asic_reg 0x08
get RT hashrate from Chain[5]: (asic index start from 1-63)
Asic[01]=72.5110 Asic[02]=68.6020 Asic[03]=74.4230 Asic[04]=74.6750 Asic[05]=71.4540 Asic[06]=77.5610 Asic[07]=74.7760 Asic[08]=74.3900
Asic[09]=77.7790 Asic[10]=76.7220 Asic[11]=73.8020 Asic[12]=68.5850 Asic[13]=76.1680 Asic[14]=72.4770 Asic[15]=73.0470 Asic[16]=57.8810
Asic[17]=74.4740 Asic[18]=76.4530 Asic[19]=67.8800 Asic[20]=70.1280 Asic[21]=73.7520 Asic[22]=74.6580 Asic[23]=73.6850 Asic[24]=78.5170
Asic[25]=73.6850 Asic[26]=63.6860 Asic[27]=80.9660 Asic[28]=73.9200 Asic[29]=68.9870 Asic[30]=75.6310 Asic[31]=74.9770 Asic[32]=69.4570
Asic[33]=74.6580 Asic[34]=79.8930 Asic[35]=76.6710 Asic[36]=74.3730 Asic[37]=66.6050 Asic[38]=76.7380 Asic[39]=71.4540 Asic[40]=69.3060
Asic[41]=72.5610 Asic[42]=73.8530 Asic[43]=58.9210 Asic[44]=75.3800 Asic[45]=73.1310 Asic[46]=68.4000 Asic[47]=77.6780 Asic[48]=73.1150
Asic[49]=69.2890 Asic[50]=62.8130 Asic[51]=74.2720 Asic[52]=73.1480 Asic[53]=67.4440 Asic[54]=72.4940 Asic[55]=68.1990 Asic[56]=72.4100
Asic[57]=75.3460 Asic[58]=66.1350 Asic[59]=72.9800 Asic[60]=78.1480 Asic[61]=72.3260 Asic[62]=72.5610 Asic[63]=77.7950
get RT hashrate from Chain[6]: (asic index start from 1-63)
Asic[01]=67.6620 Asic[02]=75.9840 Asic[03]=70.3300 Asic[04]=75.5640 Asic[05]=62.8470 Asic[06]=70.2790 Asic[07]=74.5240 Asic[08]=72.9130
Asic[09]=70.6320 Asic[10]=72.5610 Asic[11]=73.9370 Asic[12]=77.3420 Asic[13]=72.4440 Asic[14]=68.8030 Asic[15]=73.0810 Asic[16]=73.8360
Asic[17]=73.5510 Asic[18]=73.9700 Asic[19]=71.0340 Asic[20]=71.1680 Asic[21]=72.1580 Asic[22]=78.8190 Asic[23]=71.9230 Asic[24]=69.4570
Asic[25]=67.7630 Asic[26]=71.7220 Asic[27]=76.4030 Asic[28]=71.1180 Asic[29]=68.7360 Asic[30]=69.7090 Asic[31]=77.5610 Asic[32]=70.1790
Asic[33]=67.9140 Asic[34]=72.3930 Asic[35]=64.5920 Asic[36]=72.1920 Asic[37]=74.6080 Asic[38]=75.4470 Asic[39]=73.8700 Asic[40]=73.9370
Asic[41]=66.2860 Asic[42]=79.4230 Asic[43]=75.8160 Asic[44]=68.6350 Asic[45]=74.7920 Asic[46]=70.7990 Asic[47]=71.2360 Asic[48]=73.8700
Asic[49]=66.5380 Asic[50]=70.6150 Asic[51]=72.6280 Asic[52]=75.7490 Asic[53]=71.8400 Asic[54]=76.5370 Asic[55]=73.5340 Asic[56]=69.2390
Asic[57]=75.1280 Asic[58]=74.3230 Asic[59]=73.4330 Asic[60]=72.3430 Asic[61]=77.6780 Asic[62]=82.4600 Asic[63]=69.5240
get RT hashrate from Chain[7]: (asic index start from 1-63)
Asic[01]=73.5510 Asic[02]=75.9160 Asic[03]=80.1110 Asic[04]=76.9900 Asic[05]=76.1510 Asic[06]=73.5170 Asic[07]=74.9940 Asic[08]=73.1150
Asic[09]=70.6650 Asic[10]=70.6990 Asic[11]=72.4770 Asic[12]=70.1450 Asic[13]=74.3060 Asic[14]=71.8060 Asic[15]=74.7420 Asic[16]=75.6650
Asic[17]=76.8220 Asic[18]=69.5240 Asic[19]=72.0910 Asic[20]=75.2620 Asic[21]=72.0240 Asic[22]=73.2660 Asic[23]=76.2690 Asic[24]=69.9440
Asic[25]=67.7290 Asic[26]=71.7050 Asic[27]=74.6250 Asic[28]=78.2320 Asic[29]=69.8430 Asic[30]=68.4670 Asic[31]=71.5210 Asic[32]=68.9540
Asic[33]=74.6250 Asic[34]=71.8730 Asic[35]=74.4400 Asic[36]=74.8760 Asic[37]=73.9030 Asic[38]=72.9300 Asic[39]=69.6250 Asic[40]=74.9430
Asic[41]=72.7620 Asic[42]=69.4910 Asic[43]=67.4270 Asic[44]=71.4870 Asic[45]=74.4570 Asic[46]=66.6550 Asic[47]=67.5450 Asic[48]=75.4800
Asic[49]=72.2590 Asic[50]=72.9300 Asic[51]=75.6820 Asic[52]=71.9070 Asic[53]=67.9640 Asic[54]=67.8470 Asic[55]=74.3900 Asic[56]=71.0010
Asic[57]=75.8490 Asic[58]=74.9270 Asic[59]=72.3930 Asic[60]=74.3730 Asic[61]=75.5310 Asic[62]=73.8190 Asic[63]=72.4440
Check Chain[J6] ASIC RT error: (asic index start from 1-63)
Check Chain[J7] ASIC RT error: (asic index start from 1-63)
Check Chain[J8] ASIC RT error: (asic index start from 1-63)
Done check_asic_reg
do read temp on Chain[5]
Chain[5] Chip[62] TempTypeID=55 middle offset=29
Chain[5] Chip[62] local Temp=60
Chain[5] Chip[62] middle Temp=70
Special fix Chain[5] Chip[62] middle Temp = 75
Done read temp on Chain[5]
do read temp on Chain[6]
Chain[6] Chip[62] TempTypeID=55 middle offset=29
Chain[6] Chip[62] local Temp=60
Chain[6] Chip[62] middle Temp=72
Special fix Chain[6] Chip[62] middle Temp = 75
Done read temp on Chain[6]
do read temp on Chain[7]
Chain[7] Chip[62] TempTypeID=55 middle offset=28
Chain[7] Chip[62] local Temp=62
Chain[7] Chip[62] middle Temp=72
Special fix Chain[7] Chip[62] middle Temp = 77
Done read temp on Chain[7]
set FAN speed according to: temp_highest=62 temp_top1[PWM_T]=62 temp_top1[TEMP_POS_LOCAL]=62 temp_change=0 fix_fan_steps=0
FAN PWM: 74
read_temp_func Done!
CRC error counter=0
submitted by Timsierramist to BitcoinMining [link] [comments]

Can we talk about the centralization of mining again?

This is one aspect that, despite searching, I don't feel I've found an adequate answer to. As mining becomes more and more expensive, I can only see mining migrating to the hands of a few. Some could argue it's already done that.
Is this a problem that will need to be addressed?
submitted by Naviers_Stoked to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Antminer S9 not hashing?

Good morning folks,
I have an Antminer S9 that has performed flawlessly. After I moved it to a better location, I noticed that it no longer seems to be working. The green light is flashing, but it doesn't seem to be hashing to my pool (Nicehash).
I'm fairly new to Bitcoining mining and can't make sense of some of the information on my status screen. Before I jump into Bitmain support, I was wondering if anyone could clue me in as to what the problem might be.
https://s15.postimg.cc/i0n5qsyoInked_Capture_LI.jpg
I'll post my Kernal Log here.
Thank you in advance!!!
KERNAL LOG: [ 0.000000] Booting Linux on physical CPU 0x0
[ 0.000000] Linux version 3.14.0-xilinx-ge8a2f71-dirty ([email protected]) (gcc version 4.8.3 20140320 (prerelease) (Sourcery CodeBench Lite 2014.05-23) ) #82 SMP PREEMPT Tue May 16 19:49:53 CST 2017
[ 0.000000] CPU: ARMv7 Processor [413fc090] revision 0 (ARMv7), cr=18c5387d
[ 0.000000] CPU: PIPT / VIPT nonaliasing data cache, VIPT aliasing instruction cache
[ 0.000000] Machine model: Xilinx Zynq
[ 0.000000] cma: CMA: reserved 128 MiB at 27800000
[ 0.000000] Memory policy: Data cache writealloc
[ 0.000000] On node 0 totalpages: 258048
[ 0.000000] free_area_init_node: node 0, pgdat c0740a40, node_mem_map e6fd8000
[ 0.000000] Normal zone: 1520 pages used for memmap
[ 0.000000] Normal zone: 0 pages reserved
[ 0.000000] Normal zone: 194560 pages, LIFO batch:31
[ 0.000000] HighMem zone: 496 pages used for memmap
[ 0.000000] HighMem zone: 63488 pages, LIFO batch:15
[ 0.000000] PERCPU: Embedded 8 pages/cpu @e6fc0000 s9088 r8192 d15488 u32768
[ 0.000000] pcpu-alloc: s9088 r8192 d15488 u32768 alloc=8*4096
[ 0.000000] pcpu-alloc: [0] 0 [0] 1
[ 0.000000] Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on. Total pages: 256528
[ 0.000000] Kernel command line: noinitrd mem=1008M console=ttyPS0,115200 root=ubi0:rootfs ubi.mtd=1 rootfstype=ubifs rw rootwait
[ 0.000000] PID hash table entries: 4096 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
[ 0.000000] Dentry cache hash table entries: 131072 (order: 7, 524288 bytes)
[ 0.000000] Inode-cache hash table entries: 65536 (order: 6, 262144 bytes)
[ 0.000000] Memory: 884148K/1032192K available (5032K kernel code, 283K rwdata, 1916K rodata, 204K init, 258K bss, 148044K reserved, 253952K highmem)
[ 0.000000] Virtual kernel memory layout:
[ 0.000000] vector : 0xffff0000 - 0xffff1000 ( 4 kB)
[ 0.000000] fixmap : 0xfff00000 - 0xfffe0000 ( 896 kB)
[ 0.000000] vmalloc : 0xf0000000 - 0xff000000 ( 240 MB)
[ 0.000000] lowmem : 0xc0000000 - 0xef800000 ( 760 MB)
[ 0.000000] pkmap : 0xbfe00000 - 0xc0000000 ( 2 MB)
[ 0.000000] modules : 0xbf000000 - 0xbfe00000 ( 14 MB)
[ 0.000000] .text : 0xc0008000 - 0xc06d1374 (6949 kB)
[ 0.000000] .init : 0xc06d2000 - 0xc0705380 ( 205 kB)
[ 0.000000] .data : 0xc0706000 - 0xc074cf78 ( 284 kB)
[ 0.000000] .bss : 0xc074cf84 - 0xc078d9fc ( 259 kB)
[ 0.000000] Preemptible hierarchical RCU implementation.
[ 0.000000] Dump stacks of tasks blocking RCU-preempt GP.
[ 0.000000] RCU restricting CPUs from NR_CPUS=4 to nr_cpu_ids=2.
[ 0.000000] RCU: Adjusting geometry for rcu_fanout_leaf=16, nr_cpu_ids=2
[ 0.000000] NR_IRQS:16 nr_irqs:16 16
[ 0.000000] ps7-slcr mapped to f0004000
[ 0.000000] zynq_clock_init: clkc starts at f0004100
[ 0.000000] Zynq clock init
[ 0.000015] sched_clock: 64 bits at 333MHz, resolution 3ns, wraps every 3298534883328ns
[ 0.000308] ps7-ttc #0 at f0006000, irq=43
[ 0.000618] Console: colour dummy device 80x30
[ 0.000658] Calibrating delay loop... 1325.46 BogoMIPS (lpj=6627328)
[ 0.040207] pid_max: default: 32768 minimum: 301
[ 0.040436] Mount-cache hash table entries: 2048 (order: 1, 8192 bytes)
[ 0.040459] Mountpoint-cache hash table entries: 2048 (order: 1, 8192 bytes)
[ 0.042612] CPU: Testing write buffer coherency: ok
[ 0.042974] CPU0: thread -1, cpu 0, socket 0, mpidr 80000000
[ 0.043036] Setting up static identity map for 0x4c4b00 - 0x4c4b58
[ 0.043263] L310 cache controller enabled
[ 0.043282] l2x0: 8 ways, CACHE_ID 0x410000c8, AUX_CTRL 0x72760000, Cache size: 512 kB
[ 0.121037] CPU1: Booted secondary processor
[ 0.210227] CPU1: thread -1, cpu 1, socket 0, mpidr 80000001
[ 0.210357] Brought up 2 CPUs
[ 0.210376] SMP: Total of 2 processors activated.
[ 0.210385] CPU: All CPU(s) started in SVC mode.
[ 0.211051] devtmpfs: initialized
[ 0.213481] VFP support v0.3: implementor 41 architecture 3 part 30 variant 9 rev 4
[ 0.214724] regulator-dummy: no parameters
[ 0.223736] NET: Registered protocol family 16
[ 0.226067] DMA: preallocated 256 KiB pool for atomic coherent allocations
[ 0.228361] cpuidle: using governor ladder
[ 0.228374] cpuidle: using governor menu
[ 0.235908] syscon f8000000.ps7-slcr: regmap [mem 0xf8000000-0xf8000fff] registered
[ 0.237440] hw-breakpoint: found 5 (+1 reserved) breakpoint and 1 watchpoint registers.
[ 0.237453] hw-breakpoint: maximum watchpoint size is 4 bytes.
[ 0.237572] zynq-ocm f800c000.ps7-ocmc: ZYNQ OCM pool: 256 KiB @ 0xf0080000
[ 0.259435] bio: create slab at 0
[ 0.261172] vgaarb: loaded
[ 0.261915] SCSI subsystem initialized
[ 0.262814] usbcore: registered new interface driver usbfs
[ 0.262985] usbcore: registered new interface driver hub
[ 0.263217] usbcore: registered new device driver usb
[ 0.263743] media: Linux media interface: v0.10
[ 0.263902] Linux video capture interface: v2.00
[ 0.264150] pps_core: LinuxPPS API ver. 1 registered
[ 0.264162] pps_core: Software ver. 5.3.6 - Copyright 2005-2007 Rodolfo Giometti <[[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])>
[ 0.264286] PTP clock support registered
[ 0.264656] EDAC MC: Ver: 3.0.0
[ 0.265719] Advanced Linux Sound Architecture Driver Initialized.
[ 0.268708] DMA-API: preallocated 4096 debug entries
[ 0.268724] DMA-API: debugging enabled by kernel config
[ 0.268820] Switched to clocksource arm_global_timer
[ 0.289596] NET: Registered protocol family 2
[ 0.290280] TCP established hash table entries: 8192 (order: 3, 32768 bytes)
[ 0.290375] TCP bind hash table entries: 8192 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)
[ 0.290535] TCP: Hash tables configured (established 8192 bind 8192)
[ 0.290612] TCP: reno registered
[ 0.290633] UDP hash table entries: 512 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
[ 0.290689] UDP-Lite hash table entries: 512 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
[ 0.290971] NET: Registered protocol family 1
[ 0.291346] RPC: Registered named UNIX socket transport module.
[ 0.291359] RPC: Registered udp transport module.
[ 0.291368] RPC: Registered tcp transport module.
[ 0.291376] RPC: Registered tcp NFSv4.1 backchannel transport module.
[ 0.291391] PCI: CLS 0 bytes, default 64
[ 0.291857] hw perfevents: enabled with ARMv7 Cortex-A9 PMU driver, 7 counters available
[ 0.293945] futex hash table entries: 512 (order: 3, 32768 bytes)
[ 0.295408] bounce pool size: 64 pages
[ 0.296323] jffs2: version 2.2. (NAND) © 2001-2006 Red Hat, Inc.
[ 0.296525] msgmni has been set to 1486
[ 0.297330] io scheduler noop registered
[ 0.297343] io scheduler deadline registered
[ 0.297385] io scheduler cfq registered (default)
[ 0.308358] dma-pl330 f8003000.ps7-dma: Loaded driver for PL330 DMAC-2364208
[ 0.308380] dma-pl330 f8003000.ps7-dma: DBUFF-128x8bytes Num_Chans-8 Num_Peri-4 Num_Events-16
[ 0.434378] e0001000.serial: ttyPS0 at MMIO 0xe0001000 (irq = 82, base_baud = 3124999) is a xuartps
[ 1.006815] console [ttyPS0] enabled
[ 1.011106] xdevcfg f8007000.ps7-dev-cfg: ioremap 0xf8007000 to f0068000
[ 1.018731] [drm] Initialized drm 1.1.0 20060810
[ 1.036029] brd: module loaded
[ 1.045494] loop: module loaded
[ 1.055163] e1000e: Intel(R) PRO/1000 Network Driver - 2.3.2-k
[ 1.060985] e1000e: Copyright(c) 1999 - 2013 Intel Corporation.
[ 1.068779] libphy: XEMACPS mii bus: probed
[ 1.073341] ------------- phy_id = 0x3625e62
[ 1.078112] xemacps e000b000.ps7-ethernet: pdev->id -1, baseaddr 0xe000b000, irq 54
[ 1.087072] ehci_hcd: USB 2.0 'Enhanced' Host Controller (EHCI) Driver
[ 1.093912] ehci-pci: EHCI PCI platform driver
[ 1.101155] zynq-dr e0002000.ps7-usb: Unable to init USB phy, missing?
[ 1.107952] usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage
[ 1.114850] mousedev: PS/2 mouse device common for all mice
[ 1.120975] i2c /dev entries driver
[ 1.127946] zynq-edac f8006000.ps7-ddrc: ecc not enabled
[ 1.133474] cpufreq_cpu0: failed to get cpu0 regulator: -19
[ 1.139426] Xilinx Zynq CpuIdle Driver started
[ 1.144261] sdhci: Secure Digital Host Controller Interface driver
[ 1.150384] sdhci: Copyright(c) Pierre Ossman
[ 1.154700] sdhci-pltfm: SDHCI platform and OF driver helper
[ 1.161601] mmc0: no vqmmc regulator found
[ 1.165614] mmc0: no vmmc regulator found
[ 1.208845] mmc0: SDHCI controller on e0100000.ps7-sdio [e0100000.ps7-sdio] using ADMA
[ 1.217539] usbcore: registered new interface driver usbhid
[ 1.223054] usbhid: USB HID core driver
[ 1.227806] nand: device found, Manufacturer ID: 0x2c, Chip ID: 0xda
[ 1.234107] nand: Micron MT29F2G08ABAEAWP
[ 1.238074] nand: 256MiB, SLC, page size: 2048, OOB size: 64
[ 1.244027] Bad block table found at page 131008, version 0x01
[ 1.250251] Bad block table found at page 130944, version 0x01
[ 1.256303] 3 ofpart partitions found on MTD device pl353-nand
[ 1.262080] Creating 3 MTD partitions on "pl353-nand":
[ 1.267174] 0x000000000000-0x000002000000 : "BOOT.bin-env-dts-kernel"
[ 1.275230] 0x000002000000-0x00000b000000 : "angstram-rootfs"
[ 1.282582] 0x00000b000000-0x000010000000 : "upgrade-rootfs"
[ 1.291630] TCP: cubic registered
[ 1.294869] NET: Registered protocol family 17
[ 1.299597] Registering SWP/SWPB emulation handler
[ 1.305497] regulator-dummy: disabling
[ 1.309875] UBI: attaching mtd1 to ubi0
[ 1.836565] UBI: scanning is finished
[ 1.848221] UBI: attached mtd1 (name "angstram-rootfs", size 144 MiB) to ubi0
[ 1.855302] UBI: PEB size: 131072 bytes (128 KiB), LEB size: 126976 bytes
[ 1.862063] UBI: min./max. I/O unit sizes: 2048/2048, sub-page size 2048
[ 1.868728] UBI: VID header offset: 2048 (aligned 2048), data offset: 4096
[ 1.875605] UBI: good PEBs: 1152, bad PEBs: 0, corrupted PEBs: 0
[ 1.881586] UBI: user volume: 1, internal volumes: 1, max. volumes count: 128
[ 1.888693] UBI: max/mean erase counter: 4/1, WL threshold: 4096, image sequence number: 1134783803
[ 1.897736] UBI: available PEBs: 0, total reserved PEBs: 1152, PEBs reserved for bad PEB handling: 40
[ 1.906953] UBI: background thread "ubi_bgt0d" started, PID 1080
[ 1.906959] drivers/rtc/hctosys.c: unable to open rtc device (rtc0)
[ 1.911038] ALSA device list:
[ 1.911042] No soundcards found.
[ 1.927420] UBIFS: background thread "ubifs_bgt0_0" started, PID 1082
[ 1.956473] UBIFS: recovery needed
[ 2.016970] UBIFS: recovery completed
[ 2.020709] UBIFS: mounted UBI device 0, volume 0, name "rootfs"
[ 2.026635] UBIFS: LEB size: 126976 bytes (124 KiB), min./max. I/O unit sizes: 2048 bytes/2048 bytes
[ 2.035771] UBIFS: FS size: 128626688 bytes (122 MiB, 1013 LEBs), journal size 9023488 bytes (8 MiB, 72 LEBs)
[ 2.045653] UBIFS: reserved for root: 0 bytes (0 KiB)
[ 2.050693] UBIFS: media format: w4/r0 (latest is w4/r0), UUID B079DD56-06BB-4E31-8F5E-A6604F480DB2, small LPT model
[ 2.061987] VFS: Mounted root (ubifs filesystem) on device 0:11.
[ 2.069184] devtmpfs: mounted
[ 2.072297] Freeing unused kernel memory: 204K (c06d2000 - c0705000)
[ 2.920928] random: dd urandom read with 0 bits of entropy available
[ 3.318860]
[ 3.318860] bcm54xx_config_init
[ 3.928853]
[ 3.928853] bcm54xx_config_init
[ 7.929682] xemacps e000b000.ps7-ethernet: Set clk to 124999998 Hz
[ 7.935787] xemacps e000b000.ps7-ethernet: link up (1000/FULL)
[ 22.563181] In axi fpga driver!
[ 22.566260] request_mem_region OK!
[ 22.569676] AXI fpga dev virtual address is 0xf01fe000
[ 22.574751] *base_vir_addr = 0x8c510
[ 22.590723] In fpga mem driver!
[ 22.593791] request_mem_region OK!
[ 22.597361] fpga mem virtual address is 0xf3000000
[ 23.408156]
[ 23.408156] bcm54xx_config_init
[ 24.038071]
[ 24.038071] bcm54xx_config_init
[ 28.038487] xemacps e000b000.ps7-ethernet: Set clk to 124999998 Hz
[ 28.044593] xemacps e000b000.ps7-ethernet: link up (1000/FULL)
This is XILINX board. Totalram: 1039794176
Detect 1GB control board of XILINX
DETECT HW version=0008c510
miner ID : 8118b4c610358854
Miner Type = S9
AsicType = 1387
real AsicNum = 63
use critical mode to search freq...
get PLUG ON=0x000000e0
Find hashboard on Chain[5]
Find hashboard on Chain[6]
Find hashboard on Chain[7]
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x0000ffff
Check chain[5] PIC fw version=0x03
Check chain[6] PIC fw version=0x03
Check chain[7] PIC fw version=0x03
chain[5]: [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255]
has freq in PIC, will disable freq setting.
chain[5] has freq in PIC and will jump over...
Chain[5] has core num in PIC
Chain[5] ASIC[15] has core num=5
Check chain[5] PIC fw version=0x03
chain[6]: [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255]
has freq in PIC, will disable freq setting.
chain[6] has freq in PIC and will jump over...
Chain[6] has core num in PIC
Chain[6] ASIC[17] has core num=8
Check chain[6] PIC fw version=0x03
chain[7]: [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255]
has freq in PIC, will disable freq setting.
chain[7] has freq in PIC and will jump over...
Chain[7] has core num in PIC
Chain[7] ASIC[8] has core num=13
Chain[7] ASIC[9] has core num=11
Chain[7] ASIC[13] has core num=11
Chain[7] ASIC[19] has core num=14
Chain[7] ASIC[30] has core num=6
Chain[7] ASIC[32] has core num=1
Chain[7] ASIC[42] has core num=2
Chain[7] ASIC[55] has core num=1
Chain[7] ASIC[57] has core num=2
Check chain[7] PIC fw version=0x03
get PIC voltage=108 on chain[5], value=880
get PIC voltage=74 on chain[6], value=900
get PIC voltage=108 on chain[7], value=880
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x00000000
chain[5] temp offset record: 62,0,0,0,0,0,35,28
chain[5] temp chip I2C addr=0x98
chain[5] has no middle temp, use special fix mode.
chain[6] temp offset record: 62,0,0,0,0,0,35,28
chain[6] temp chip I2C addr=0x98
chain[6] has no middle temp, use special fix mode.
chain[7] temp offset record: 62,0,0,0,0,0,35,28
chain[7] temp chip I2C addr=0x98
chain[7] has no middle temp, use special fix mode.
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x0000ffff
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x00000000
CRC error counter=0
set command mode to VIL
--- check asic number
After Get ASIC NUM CRC error counter=0
set_baud=0
The min freq=700
set real timeout 52, need sleep=379392
After TEST CRC error counter=0
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x0000ffff
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x00000000
search freq for 1 times, completed chain = 3, total chain num = 3
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x0000ffff
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x00000000
restart Miner chance num=2
waiting for receive_func to exit!
waiting for pic heart to exit!
bmminer not found= 1643 root 0:00 grep bmminer
bmminer not found, restart bmminer ...
This is user mode for mining
Detect 1GB control board of XILINX
Miner Type = S9
Miner compile time: Fri Nov 17 17:57:49 CST 2017 type: Antminer S9set_reset_allhashboard = 0x0000ffff
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x00000000
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x0000ffff
miner ID : 8118b4c610358854
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x0000ffff
Checking fans!get fan[2] speed=6120
get fan[2] speed=6120
get fan[2] speed=6120
get fan[2] speed=6120
get fan[2] speed=6120
get fan[2] speed=6120
get fan[5] speed=13440
get fan[2] speed=6120
get fan[5] speed=13440
get fan[2] speed=6120
get fan[5] speed=13440
chain[5]: [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255]
Chain[J6] has backup chain_voltage=880
Chain[J6] test patten OK temp=-126
Check chain[5] PIC fw version=0x03
chain[6]: [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255]
Chain[J7] has backup chain_voltage=900
Chain[J7] test patten OK temp=-120
Check chain[6] PIC fw version=0x03
chain[7]: [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255] [63:255]
Chain[J8] has backup chain_voltage=880
Chain[J8] test patten OK temp=-125
Check chain[7] PIC fw version=0x03
Chain[J6] orignal chain_voltage_pic=108 value=880
Chain[J7] orignal chain_voltage_pic=74 value=900
Chain[J8] orignal chain_voltage_pic=108 value=880
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x0000ffff
set_reset_allhashboard = 0x00000000
Chain[J6] has 63 asic
Chain[J7] has 63 asic
Chain[J8] has 63 asic
Chain[J6] has core num in PIC
Chain[J6] ASIC[15] has core num=5
Chain[J7] has core num in PIC
Chain[J7] ASIC[17] has core num=8
Chain[J8] has core num in PIC
Chain[J8] ASIC[8] has core num=13
Chain[J8] ASIC[9] has core num=11
Chain[J8] ASIC[13] has core num=11
Chain[J8] ASIC[19] has core num=14
Chain[J8] ASIC[30] has core num=6
Chain[J8] ASIC[32] has core num=1
Chain[J8] ASIC[42] has core num=2
Chain[J8] ASIC[55] has core num=1
Chain[J8] ASIC[57] has core num=2
miner total rate=13999GH/s fixed rate=13500GH/s
read PIC voltage=940 on chain[5]
Chain:5 chipnum=63
Chain[J6] voltage added=0.2V
Chain:5 temp offset=0
Chain:5 base freq=487
Asic[ 0]:618
Asic[ 1]:631 Asic[ 2]:681 Asic[ 3]:618 Asic[ 4]:631 Asic[ 5]:681 Asic[ 6]:618 Asic[ 7]:631 Asic[ 8]:675
Asic[ 9]:618 Asic[10]:631 Asic[11]:681 Asic[12]:631 Asic[13]:637 Asic[14]:606 Asic[15]:487 Asic[16]:637
Asic[17]:675 Asic[18]:618 Asic[19]:637 Asic[20]:675 Asic[21]:631 Asic[22]:650 Asic[23]:687 Asic[24]:631
Asic[25]:537 Asic[26]:687 Asic[27]:631 Asic[28]:587 Asic[29]:687 Asic[30]:612 Asic[31]:650 Asic[32]:687
Asic[33]:631 Asic[34]:650 Asic[35]:687 Asic[36]:631 Asic[37]:662 Asic[38]:693 Asic[39]:631 Asic[40]:662
Asic[41]:662 Asic[42]:543 Asic[43]:668 Asic[44]:693 Asic[45]:568 Asic[46]:675 Asic[47]:700 Asic[48]:631
Asic[49]:568 Asic[50]:700 Asic[51]:631 Asic[52]:625 Asic[53]:700 Asic[54]:631 Asic[55]:675 Asic[56]:662
Asic[57]:631 Asic[58]:662 Asic[59]:687 Asic[60]:631 Asic[61]:681 Asic[62]:700
Chain:5 max freq=700
Chain:5 min freq=487
read PIC voltage=940 on chain[6]
Chain:6 chipnum=63
Chain[J7] voltage added=0.1V
Chain:6 temp offset=0
Chain:6 base freq=687
Asic[ 0]:650
Asic[ 1]:650 Asic[ 2]:650 Asic[ 3]:650 Asic[ 4]:650 Asic[ 5]:650 Asic[ 6]:650 Asic[ 7]:650 Asic[ 8]:650
Asic[ 9]:650 Asic[10]:650 Asic[11]:650 Asic[12]:650 Asic[13]:650 Asic[14]:650 Asic[15]:650 Asic[16]:650
Asic[17]:650 Asic[18]:650 Asic[19]:650 Asic[20]:650 Asic[21]:650 Asic[22]:650 Asic[23]:650 Asic[24]:650
Asic[25]:650 Asic[26]:656 Asic[27]:656 Asic[28]:656 Asic[29]:656 Asic[30]:656 Asic[31]:656 Asic[32]:656
Asic[33]:656 Asic[34]:656 Asic[35]:656 Asic[36]:656 Asic[37]:656 Asic[38]:656 Asic[39]:656 Asic[40]:656
Asic[41]:656 Asic[42]:656 Asic[43]:656 Asic[44]:656 Asic[45]:656 Asic[46]:656 Asic[47]:656 Asic[48]:656
Asic[49]:656 Asic[50]:656 Asic[51]:656 Asic[52]:656 Asic[53]:656 Asic[54]:656 Asic[55]:656 Asic[56]:656
Asic[57]:656 Asic[58]:656 Asic[59]:656 Asic[60]:656 Asic[61]:656 Asic[62]:656
Chain:6 max freq=656
Chain:6 min freq=650
read PIC voltage=940 on chain[7]
Chain:7 chipnum=63
Chain[J8] voltage added=0.2V
Chain:7 temp offset=0
Chain:7 base freq=637
Asic[ 0]:656
Asic[ 1]:656 Asic[ 2]:656 Asic[ 3]:656 Asic[ 4]:656 Asic[ 5]:656 Asic[ 6]:656 Asic[ 7]:656 Asic[ 8]:637
Asic[ 9]:637 Asic[10]:656 Asic[11]:656 Asic[12]:656 Asic[13]:637 Asic[14]:656 Asic[15]:662 Asic[16]:662
Asic[17]:662 Asic[18]:662 Asic[19]:637 Asic[20]:662 Asic[21]:662 Asic[22]:662 Asic[23]:662 Asic[24]:662
Asic[25]:662 Asic[26]:662 Asic[27]:662 Asic[28]:662 Asic[29]:662 Asic[30]:637 Asic[31]:662 Asic[32]:662
Asic[33]:662 Asic[34]:662 Asic[35]:662 Asic[36]:662 Asic[37]:662 Asic[38]:662 Asic[39]:662 Asic[40]:662
Asic[41]:662 Asic[42]:650 Asic[43]:662 Asic[44]:662 Asic[45]:662 Asic[46]:662 Asic[47]:662 Asic[48]:662
Asic[49]:662 Asic[50]:662 Asic[51]:662 Asic[52]:662 Asic[53]:662 Asic[54]:662 Asic[55]:650 Asic[56]:662
Asic[57]:650 Asic[58]:662 Asic[59]:662 Asic[60]:662 Asic[61]:662 Asic[62]:662
Chain:7 max freq=662
Chain:7 min freq=637
Miner fix freq ...
read PIC voltage=940 on chain[5]
Chain:5 chipnum=63
Chain[J6] voltage added=0.2V
Chain:5 temp offset=0
Chain:5 base freq=487
Asic[ 0]:618
Asic[ 1]:631 Asic[ 2]:650 Asic[ 3]:618 Asic[ 4]:631 Asic[ 5]:656 Asic[ 6]:618 Asic[ 7]:631 Asic[ 8]:656
Asic[ 9]:618 Asic[10]:631 Asic[11]:656 Asic[12]:631 Asic[13]:637 Asic[14]:606 Asic[15]:487 Asic[16]:637
Asic[17]:656 Asic[18]:618 Asic[19]:637 Asic[20]:656 Asic[21]:631 Asic[22]:650 Asic[23]:656 Asic[24]:631
Asic[25]:537 Asic[26]:656 Asic[27]:631 Asic[28]:587 Asic[29]:656 Asic[30]:612 Asic[31]:650 Asic[32]:656
Asic[33]:631 Asic[34]:650 Asic[35]:656 Asic[36]:631 Asic[37]:656 Asic[38]:656 Asic[39]:631 Asic[40]:656
Asic[41]:656 Asic[42]:543 Asic[43]:656 Asic[44]:656 Asic[45]:568 Asic[46]:656 Asic[47]:656 Asic[48]:631
Asic[49]:568 Asic[50]:656 Asic[51]:631 Asic[52]:625 Asic[53]:656 Asic[54]:631 Asic[55]:656 Asic[56]:656
Asic[57]:631 Asic[58]:656 Asic[59]:656 Asic[60]:631 Asic[61]:656 Asic[62]:656
Chain:5 max freq=656
Chain:5 min freq=487
read PIC voltage=940 on chain[6]
Chain:6 chipnum=63
Chain[J7] voltage added=0.1V
Chain:6 temp offset=0
Chain:6 base freq=687
Asic[ 0]:631
Asic[ 1]:631 Asic[ 2]:631 Asic[ 3]:631 Asic[ 4]:631 Asic[ 5]:631 Asic[ 6]:631 Asic[ 7]:631 Asic[ 8]:631
Asic[ 9]:631 Asic[10]:631 Asic[11]:631 Asic[12]:631 Asic[13]:631 Asic[14]:631 Asic[15]:631 Asic[16]:631
Asic[17]:631 Asic[18]:631 Asic[19]:631 Asic[20]:631 Asic[21]:631 Asic[22]:631 Asic[23]:631 Asic[24]:631
Asic[25]:631 Asic[26]:631 Asic[27]:631 Asic[28]:631 Asic[29]:631 Asic[30]:631 Asic[31]:631 Asic[32]:631
Asic[33]:631 Asic[34]:631 Asic[35]:637 Asic[36]:637 Asic[37]:637 Asic[38]:637 Asic[39]:637 Asic[40]:637
Asic[41]:637 Asic[42]:637 Asic[43]:637 Asic[44]:637 Asic[45]:637 Asic[46]:637 Asic[47]:637 Asic[48]:637
Asic[49]:637 Asic[50]:637 Asic[51]:637 Asic[52]:637 Asic[53]:637 Asic[54]:637 Asic[55]:637 Asic[56]:637
Asic[57]:637 Asic[58]:637 Asic[59]:637 Asic[60]:637 Asic[61]:637 Asic[62]:637
Chain:6 max freq=637
Chain:6 min freq=631
read PIC voltage=940 on chain[7]
Chain:7 chipnum=63
Chain[J8] voltage added=0.2V
Chain:7 temp offset=0
Chain:7 base freq=637
Asic[ 0]:637
Asic[ 1]:637 Asic[ 2]:637 Asic[ 3]:637 Asic[ 4]:637 Asic[ 5]:637 Asic[ 6]:637 Asic[ 7]:637 Asic[ 8]:637
Asic[ 9]:637 Asic[10]:637 Asic[11]:637 Asic[12]:637 Asic[13]:637 Asic[14]:637 Asic[15]:637 Asic[16]:637
Asic[17]:637 Asic[18]:637 Asic[19]:637 Asic[20]:637 Asic[21]:637 Asic[22]:637 Asic[23]:637 Asic[24]:637
Asic[25]:637 Asic[26]:637 Asic[27]:637 Asic[28]:637 Asic[29]:637 Asic[30]:637 Asic[31]:637 Asic[32]:637
Asic[33]:637 Asic[34]:637 Asic[35]:637 Asic[36]:637 Asic[37]:637 Asic[38]:637 Asic[39]:637 Asic[40]:637
Asic[41]:637 Asic[42]:637 Asic[43]:637 Asic[44]:637 Asic[45]:637 Asic[46]:637 Asic[47]:637 Asic[48]:637
Asic[49]:643 Asic[50]:643 Asic[51]:643 Asic[52]:643 Asic[53]:643 Asic[54]:643 Asic[55]:643 Asic[56]:643
Asic[57]:643 Asic[58]:643 Asic[59]:643 Asic[60]:643 Asic[61]:643 Asic[62]:643
Chain:7 max freq=643
Chain:7 min freq=637
max freq = 656
set baud=1
Chain[J6] PIC temp offset=62,0,0,0,0,0,35,28
chain[5] temp chip I2C addr=0x98
chain[5] has no middle temp, use special fix mode.
Chain[J6] chip[244] use PIC middle temp offset=0 typeID=55
New offset Chain[5] chip[244] local:26 remote:27 offset:29
Chain[J6] chip[244] get middle temp offset=29 typeID=55
Chain[J7] PIC temp offset=62,0,0,0,0,0,35,28
chain[6] temp chip I2C addr=0x98
chain[6] has no middle temp, use special fix mode.
Chain[J7] chip[244] use PIC middle temp offset=0 typeID=55
New offset Chain[6] chip[244] local:26 remote:27 offset:29
Chain[J7] chip[244] get middle temp offset=29 typeID=55
Chain[J8] PIC temp offset=62,0,0,0,0,0,35,28
chain[7] temp chip I2C addr=0x98
chain[7] has no middle temp, use special fix mode.
Chain[J8] chip[244] use PIC middle temp offset=0 typeID=55
New offset Chain[7] chip[244] local:26 remote:28 offset:28
Chain[J8] chip[244] get middle temp offset=28 typeID=55
miner rate=13501 voltage limit=900 on chain[5]
get PIC voltage=880 on chain[5], check: must be < 900
miner rate=13501 voltage limit=900 on chain[6]
get PIC voltage=900 on chain[6], check: must be < 900
miner rate=13501 voltage limit=900 on chain[7]
get PIC voltage=880 on chain[7], check: must be < 900
Chain[J6] set working voltage=880 [108]
Chain[J7] set working voltage=900 [74]
Chain[J8] set working voltage=880 [108]
do heat board 8xPatten for 1 times
start send works on chain[5]
start send works on chain[6]
start send works on chain[7]
get send work num :57456 on Chain[5]
get send work num :57456 on Chain[6]
get send work num :57456 on Chain[7]
wait recv nonce on chain[5]
wait recv nonce on chain[6]
wait recv nonce on chain[7]
get nonces on chain[5]
require nonce number:912
require validnonce number:57456
asic[00]=912 asic[01]=912 asic[02]=912 asic[03]=912 asic[04]=912 asic[05]=912 asic[06]=912 asic[07]=912
asic[08]=912 asic[09]=912 asic[10]=912 asic[11]=912 asic[12]=912 asic[13]=912 asic[14]=912 asic[15]=912
asic[16]=912 asic[17]=912 asic[18]=912 asic[19]=912 asic[20]=912 asic[21]=912 asic[22]=912 asic[23]=912
asic[24]=912 asic[25]=912 asic[26]=912 asic[27]=912 asic[28]=912 asic[29]=912 asic[30]=912 asic[31]=912
asic[32]=912 asic[33]=912 asic[34]=912 asic[35]=912 asic[36]=912 asic[37]=912 asic[38]=912 asic[39]=912
asic[40]=912 asic[41]=912 asic[42]=912 asic[43]=912 asic[44]=912 asic[45]=912 asic[46]=912 asic[47]=912
asic[48]=912 asic[49]=912 asic[50]=912 asic[51]=912 asic[52]=912 asic[53]=912 asic[54]=912 asic[55]=912
asic[56]=912 asic[57]=912 asic[58]=912 asic[59]=912 asic[60]=912 asic[61]=912 asic[62]=912
Below ASIC's core didn't receive all the nonce, they should receive 8 nonce each!
freq[00]=618 freq[01]=631 freq[02]=650 freq[03]=618 freq[04]=631 freq[05]=656 freq[06]=618 freq[07]=631
freq[08]=656 freq[09]=618 freq[10]=631 freq[11]=656 freq[12]=631 freq[13]=637 freq[14]=606 freq[15]=487
freq[16]=637 freq[17]=656 freq[18]=618 freq[19]=637 freq[20]=656 freq[21]=631 freq[22]=650 freq[23]=656
freq[24]=631 freq[25]=537 freq[26]=656 freq[27]=631 freq[28]=587 freq[29]=656 freq[30]=612 freq[31]=650
freq[32]=656 freq[33]=631 freq[34]=650 freq[35]=656 freq[36]=631 freq[37]=656 freq[38]=656 freq[39]=631
freq[40]=656 freq[41]=656 freq[42]=543 freq[43]=656 freq[44]=656 freq[45]=568 freq[46]=656 freq[47]=656
freq[48]=631 freq[49]=568 freq[50]=656 freq[51]=631 freq[52]=625 freq[53]=656 freq[54]=631 freq[55]=656
freq[56]=656 freq[57]=631 freq[58]=656 freq[59]=656 freq[60]=631 freq[61]=656 freq[62]=656
total valid nonce number:57456
total send work number:57456
require valid nonce number:57456
repeated_nonce_num:0
err_nonce_num:25912
last_nonce_num:14370
get nonces on chain[6]
require nonce number:912
require validnonce number:57456
asic[00]=912 asic[01]=912 asic[02]=912 asic[03]=912 asic[04]=912 asic[05]=912 asic[06]=912 asic[07]=912
asic[08]=912 asic[09]=912 asic[10]=912 asic[11]=912 asic[12]=912 asic[13]=912 asic[14]=912 asic[15]=912
asic[16]=912 asic[17]=912 asic[18]=912 asic[19]=912 asic[20]=912 asic[21]=912 asic[22]=912 asic[23]=912
asic[24]=912 asic[25]=912 asic[26]=912 asic[27]=912 asic[28]=912 asic[29]=912 asic[30]=912 asic[31]=912
asic[32]=912 asic[33]=912 asic[34]=912 asic[35]=912 asic[36]=912 asic[37]=912 asic[38]=912 asic[39]=912
asic[40]=912 asic[41]=912 asic[42]=912 asic[43]=912 asic[44]=912 asic[45]=912 asic[46]=912 asic[47]=912
asic[48]=912 asic[49]=912 asic[50]=912 asic[51]=912 asic[52]=912 asic[53]=912 asic[54]=912 asic[55]=912
asic[56]=912 asic[57]=912 asic[58]=912 asic[59]=912 asic[60]=912 asic[61]=912 asic[62]=912
Below ASIC's core didn't receive all the nonce, they should receive 8 nonce each!
freq[00]=631 freq[01]=631 freq[02]=631 freq[03]=631 freq[04]=631 freq[05]=631 freq[06]=631 freq[07]=631
freq[08]=631 freq[09]=631 freq[10]=631 freq[11]=631 freq[12]=631 freq[13]=631 freq[14]=631 freq[15]=631
freq[16]=631 freq[17]=631 freq[18]=631 freq[19]=631 freq[20]=631 freq[21]=631 freq[22]=631 freq[23]=631
freq[24]=631 freq[25]=631 freq[26]=631 freq[27]=631 freq[28]=631 freq[29]=631 freq[30]=631 freq[31]=631
freq[32]=631 freq[33]=631 freq[34]=631 freq[35]=637 freq[36]=637 freq[37]=637 freq[38]=637 freq[39]=637
freq[40]=637 freq[41]=637 freq[42]=637 freq[43]=637 freq[44]=637 freq[45]=637 freq[46]=637 freq[47]=637
freq[48]=637 freq[49]=637 freq[50]=637 freq[51]=637 freq[52]=637 freq[53]=637 freq[54]=637 freq[55]=637
freq[56]=637 freq[57]=637 freq[58]=637 freq[59]=637 freq[60]=637 freq[61]=637 freq[62]=637
total valid nonce number:57456
total send work number:57456
require valid nonce number:57456
repeated_nonce_num:0
err_nonce_num:25987
last_nonce_num:14368
get nonces on chain[7]
require nonce number:912
require validnonce number:57456
asic[00]=912 asic[01]=912 asic[02]=912 asic[03]=912 asic[04]=912 asic[05]=912 asic[06]=912 asic[07]=912
asic[08]=907 asic[09]=912 asic[10]=912 asic[11]=912 asic[12]=912 asic[13]=912 asic[14]=912 asic[15]=912
asic[16]=912 asic[17]=912 asic[18]=912 asic[19]=909 asic[20]=912 asic[21]=912 asic[22]=912 asic[23]=912
asic[24]=912 asic[25]=912 asic[26]=912 asic[27]=912 asic[28]=912 asic[29]=912 asic[30]=912 asic[31]=912
asic[32]=912 asic[33]=912 asic[34]=912 asic[35]=912 asic[36]=912 asic[37]=912 asic[38]=912 asic[39]=912
asic[40]=912 asic[41]=912 asic[42]=912 asic[43]=912 asic[44]=912 asic[45]=912 asic[46]=912 asic[47]=912
asic[48]=912 asic[49]=912 asic[50]=912 asic[51]=912 asic[52]=912 asic[53]=912 asic[54]=912 asic[55]=911
asic[56]=912 asic[57]=912 asic[58]=912 asic[59]=912 asic[60]=912 asic[61]=912 asic[62]=912
Below ASIC's core didn't receive all the nonce, they should receive 8 nonce each!
asic[08]=907
core[049]=7 core[053]=5 core[056]=7
asic[19]=909
core[064]=7 core[112]=6
asic[55]=911
core[007]=7
freq[00]=637 freq[01]=637 freq[02]=637 freq[03]=637 freq[04]=637 freq[05]=637 freq[06]=637 freq[07]=637
freq[08]=637 freq[09]=637 freq[10]=637 freq[11]=637 freq[12]=637 freq[13]=637 freq[14]=637 freq[15]=637
freq[16]=637 freq[17]=637 freq[18]=637 freq[19]=637 freq[20]=637 freq[21]=637 freq[22]=637 freq[23]=637
freq[24]=637 freq[25]=637 freq[26]=637 freq[27]=637 freq[28]=637 freq[29]=637 freq[30]=637 freq[31]=637
freq[32]=637 freq[33]=637 freq[34]=637 freq[35]=637 freq[36]=637 freq[37]=637 freq[38]=637 freq[39]=637
freq[40]=637 freq[41]=637 freq[42]=637 freq[43]=637 freq[44]=637 freq[45]=637 freq[46]=637 freq[47]=637
freq[48]=637 freq[49]=643 freq[50]=643 freq[51]=643 freq[52]=643 freq[53]=643 freq[54]=643 freq[55]=643
freq[56]=643 freq[57]=643 freq[58]=643 freq[59]=643 freq[60]=643 freq[61]=643 freq[62]=643
total valid nonce number:57447
total send work number:57456
require valid nonce number:57456
repeated_nonce_num:0
err_nonce_num:26183
last_nonce_num:35748
chain[5]: All chip cores are opened OK!
Test Patten on chain[5]: OK!
chain[6]: All chip cores are opened OK!
Test Patten on chain[6]: OK!
chain[7]: All chip cores are opened OK!
Test Patten on chain[7]: OK!
setStartTimePoint total_tv_start_sys=217 total_tv_end_sys=218
restartNum = 2 , auto-reinit enabled...
do read_temp_func once...
do check_asic_reg 0x08
get RT hashrate from Chain[5]: (asic index start from 1-63)
Asic[01]=72.5110 Asic[02]=68.6020 Asic[03]=74.4230 Asic[04]=74.6750 Asic[05]=71.4540 Asic[06]=77.5610 Asic[07]=74.7760 Asic[08]=74.3900
Asic[09]=77.7790 Asic[10]=76.7220 Asic[11]=73.8020 Asic[12]=68.5850 Asic[13]=76.1680 Asic[14]=72.4770 Asic[15]=73.0470 Asic[16]=57.8810
Asic[17]=74.4740 Asic[18]=76.4530 Asic[19]=67.8800 Asic[20]=70.1280 Asic[21]=73.7520 Asic[22]=74.6580 Asic[23]=73.6850 Asic[24]=78.5170
Asic[25]=73.6850 Asic[26]=63.6860 Asic[27]=80.9660 Asic[28]=73.9200 Asic[29]=68.9870 Asic[30]=75.6310 Asic[31]=74.9770 Asic[32]=69.4570
Asic[33]=74.6580 Asic[34]=79.8930 Asic[35]=76.6710 Asic[36]=74.3730 Asic[37]=66.6050 Asic[38]=76.7380 Asic[39]=71.4540 Asic[40]=69.3060
Asic[41]=72.5610 Asic[42]=73.8530 Asic[43]=58.9210 Asic[44]=75.3800 Asic[45]=73.1310 Asic[46]=68.4000 Asic[47]=77.6780 Asic[48]=73.1150
Asic[49]=69.2890 Asic[50]=62.8130 Asic[51]=74.2720 Asic[52]=73.1480 Asic[53]=67.4440 Asic[54]=72.4940 Asic[55]=68.1990 Asic[56]=72.4100
Asic[57]=75.3460 Asic[58]=66.1350 Asic[59]=72.9800 Asic[60]=78.1480 Asic[61]=72.3260 Asic[62]=72.5610 Asic[63]=77.7950
get RT hashrate from Chain[6]: (asic index start from 1-63)
Asic[01]=67.6620 Asic[02]=75.9840 Asic[03]=70.3300 Asic[04]=75.5640 Asic[05]=62.8470 Asic[06]=70.2790 Asic[07]=74.5240 Asic[08]=72.9130
Asic[09]=70.6320 Asic[10]=72.5610 Asic[11]=73.9370 Asic[12]=77.3420 Asic[13]=72.4440 Asic[14]=68.8030 Asic[15]=73.0810 Asic[16]=73.8360
Asic[17]=73.5510 Asic[18]=73.9700 Asic[19]=71.0340 Asic[20]=71.1680 Asic[21]=72.1580 Asic[22]=78.8190 Asic[23]=71.9230 Asic[24]=69.4570
Asic[25]=67.7630 Asic[26]=71.7220 Asic[27]=76.4030 Asic[28]=71.1180 Asic[29]=68.7360 Asic[30]=69.7090 Asic[31]=77.5610 Asic[32]=70.1790
Asic[33]=67.9140 Asic[34]=72.3930 Asic[35]=64.5920 Asic[36]=72.1920 Asic[37]=74.6080 Asic[38]=75.4470 Asic[39]=73.8700 Asic[40]=73.9370
Asic[41]=66.2860 Asic[42]=79.4230 Asic[43]=75.8160 Asic[44]=68.6350 Asic[45]=74.7920 Asic[46]=70.7990 Asic[47]=71.2360 Asic[48]=73.8700
Asic[49]=66.5380 Asic[50]=70.6150 Asic[51]=72.6280 Asic[52]=75.7490 Asic[53]=71.8400 Asic[54]=76.5370 Asic[55]=73.5340 Asic[56]=69.2390
Asic[57]=75.1280 Asic[58]=74.3230 Asic[59]=73.4330 Asic[60]=72.3430 Asic[61]=77.6780 Asic[62]=82.4600 Asic[63]=69.5240
get RT hashrate from Chain[7]: (asic index start from 1-63)
Asic[01]=73.5510 Asic[02]=75.9160 Asic[03]=80.1110 Asic[04]=76.9900 Asic[05]=76.1510 Asic[06]=73.5170 Asic[07]=74.9940 Asic[08]=73.1150
Asic[09]=70.6650 Asic[10]=70.6990 Asic[11]=72.4770 Asic[12]=70.1450 Asic[13]=74.3060 Asic[14]=71.8060 Asic[15]=74.7420 Asic[16]=75.6650
Asic[17]=76.8220 Asic[18]=69.5240 Asic[19]=72.0910 Asic[20]=75.2620 Asic[21]=72.0240 Asic[22]=73.2660 Asic[23]=76.2690 Asic[24]=69.9440
Asic[25]=67.7290 Asic[26]=71.7050 Asic[27]=74.6250 Asic[28]=78.2320 Asic[29]=69.8430 Asic[30]=68.4670 Asic[31]=71.5210 Asic[32]=68.9540
Asic[33]=74.6250 Asic[34]=71.8730 Asic[35]=74.4400 Asic[36]=74.8760 Asic[37]=73.9030 Asic[38]=72.9300 Asic[39]=69.6250 Asic[40]=74.9430
Asic[41]=72.7620 Asic[42]=69.4910 Asic[43]=67.4270 Asic[44]=71.4870 Asic[45]=74.4570 Asic[46]=66.6550 Asic[47]=67.5450 Asic[48]=75.4800
Asic[49]=72.2590 Asic[50]=72.9300 Asic[51]=75.6820 Asic[52]=71.9070 Asic[53]=67.9640 Asic[54]=67.8470 Asic[55]=74.3900 Asic[56]=71.0010
Asic[57]=75.8490 Asic[58]=74.9270 Asic[59]=72.3930 Asic[60]=74.3730 Asic[61]=75.5310 Asic[62]=73.8190 Asic[63]=72.4440
Check Chain[J6] ASIC RT error: (asic index start from 1-63)
Check Chain[J7] ASIC RT error: (asic index start from 1-63)
Check Chain[J8] ASIC RT error: (asic index start from 1-63)
Done check_asic_reg
do read temp on Chain[5]
Chain[5] Chip[62] TempTypeID=55 middle offset=29
Chain[5] Chip[62] local Temp=60
Chain[5] Chip[62] middle Temp=70
Special fix Chain[5] Chip[62] middle Temp = 75
Done read temp on Chain[5]
do read temp on Chain[6]
Chain[6] Chip[62] TempTypeID=55 middle offset=29
Chain[6] Chip[62] local Temp=60
Chain[6] Chip[62] middle Temp=72
Special fix Chain[6] Chip[62] middle Temp = 75
Done read temp on Chain[6]
do read temp on Chain[7]
Chain[7] Chip[62] TempTypeID=55 middle offset=28
Chain[7] Chip[62] local Temp=62
Chain[7] Chip[62] middle Temp=72
Special fix Chain[7] Chip[62] middle Temp = 77
Done read temp on Chain[7]
set FAN speed according to: temp_highest=62 temp_top1[PWM_T]=62 temp_top1[TEMP_POS_LOCAL]=62 temp_change=0 fix_fan_steps=0
FAN PWM: 74
read_temp_func Done!
CRC error counter=0
submitted by Timsierramist to BITMAIN [link] [comments]

I had like 3 friends ask me how to build a PC in the past week so I made this to help them. Feel free to use or send me an e-mail if you want the txt file

(Reddit Edit: Help my improve the document with productive comments on what I got wrong or messed up! Im only human lol
Also a lot of this is supposed to be kinda humorous. I didn't think I had to say that but, hey, its the internet.
I appreciate the positive and productive comments! )
Beginners basic guide to building your own PC as of early 2018
(EDIT: Sorry for being a MSI/Corsair Fanboy)
Heres a collection of thoughts to consider when building your own personal PC
As always Id personally use PCPartPicker.com to configure your parts and for further thoughts on compatibility.
First off building a computer is 100% based around what you plan to use the computer for.
Here are a few uses and generic ideas of what to go for. Audio Editing: Lots of small tasks that need to be completed quickly without lag. - Fast Processor( >4GHZ) - Fast RAM (MHZ) -At least 16 gigs! - Fast Storage, SSD manditorily - M.2 or PCI for best performance. - Shitty Graphics card, graphics card there only to keep the cpu from doing other tasks when working. - Can be a few generations or years old. - Many screens for lots of plug in windows to be open Video Editing: Lots of large to render and files to read. - Multi core processor the more the merrier - SSD for fast read/write of large video files. - Insane graphics card, AMD graphics cards are debatibly better but the nvidia Quadro series are specific for video rendering. Gaming: No more than 4 cores intense graphics card - 92% of games are not coded for more than 4 cores so why spend the extra money for it. - SSD for quick load screens - Nvidia cards, 10 series, the higher the number the better. Titan cards for MAXIMUM OVERDRIVE! Coding: quick processor for lots of small tasks. Ergonomic peripherials? - Dear god please dont use a mechanical keyboard so that your coworkers dont kill you. Home office: Everything can be a few gens behind so you can get the best power per dollar spent. - Sorry that Gateway doesnt exist anymore. I guess try Dell... 
Parts (Expensive Legos)
CPU (tells things to go places and outputs data) Basically three main routes to go for: Intel, AMD, or ASIC. Intel - Gaming, Data center, Hackintosh Pros: Cooler, Faster speed (GHZ), short small tasks faster Cons: $$$$, less cores AMD - Gaming, Personal Computing, Large task processing Pros: Lots of cores, better price per performance, faster processing of large tasks Cons: Hot chips, large chips?, compatibility issues with MacOS. ASIC - "Application-specific integrated circuit" Pros: Does the task that they are made to do insanely efficently, great for mining. Cons: Literally does nothing else. Holy hell these are expensive, very hot (fans will get loud) CPU Cooler (Im a big fan) Most come with an in box cooler that are ok but please buy aftermarket. In Box - the free shitty cooler that comes with the processor. Pros: Free. Cons: Ugly, makes chip run hot, hard to clean Air cooler - oldest type of cooler but new designs are highly efficent. Pros: Only cooler that has the possibility of being 100% quiet, most likely cheaper Cons: large, if cooler isnt large enough for the chips thermal output the fans will be loud. Liquid - Custom pipes are beautiful, AIO is easy to install and offers similare performance. Pros: Looks cool, great temperatures, "quiet" Cons: Water pump has possibility of being loud, possible spills Phase Change - uses the technology of refridgerators to cool the chip Pros: Can overclock until the chip breaks. (whats colder than cold? ICE COLD!) Cons: Loud (compressor noise), Large pipes, just why.... Motherboard (the convienacnce store of computer parts) Really just about what type of I/O you want. - MAKE SURE FORM FACTOR FITS YOUR CASE! (or vice versa) - Look for PCI lanes for expansion. - How many graphic cards do you have? - PCI based interfaces? - PCI SSD? - PCI DAC? - PCI WIFI? - USbs? Network? Audio? - How many lanes of RAM? - DOES IT FIT YOUR PROCESSOR!?! (really tho) - M.2? - How many sata interaces? Good Brands: MSI, ASUS, Gigabyte Bad Brands: AS(s)Rock, Dell Memory (Dory) - The more the merrier - No less than 8gb for a functional windows machine (16 gb to never have a problem) - Use all the lanes your computer has to offer! the more lanes to access the faster the data can travel! -Imagine drinking a milkshake. If the straw is wider you can drink more of the milkshake than a skinny straw. - Faster MHZ for faster data access but give minimal performance differances - Please get ram with heat spreadders unles youre building a server with high airflow. - Make sure the type (DDR3 or DDR4) of RAM matches what your processomotherboard call for. Good Brands: Corsair, G.Skill, Ballistix Storage (Grandpa that remembers everythign about how things used to be but takes forever to learn a new tasK) Speed or massive storage? slower is cheaper. Golden ratio of speed/storage/price is 250-500 gb SSD and a 1+ tb disk drive. *Max speeds listed are for a single drive not RAID* Hard Disk Drives (HDD) - Cheapest and slowest - read/write speeds of < 0.5gb/s - 7200+ RPM or GTFO - Higher Speed drives can access data faster. - Do not move while powered up. physical parts will break. - Larger Cahche = faster Read/Write Speeds Pros: Cheap, Holds massive amounts of data Cons: Slower than molasses in a frezer Reputible Brands: Seagate, WD Solid State Drives (SSD) - necessity for quick boots and fast load screens (can only be re-written to so many times) - SATA based (2.5 inch)- Read/Write speeds capped @ 6 gb/s Pros: Most economical, form factor fits with old computers, Cons: "Slow" compared to other ssd's (but stil 12 times faster than a HDD) - M.2 based - Read/Write speeds capped @ 10 gb/s Pros: Size of a sick of gum! High End but not too expensive to be out of reach. Cons: Expensive for any size over 500 gb - PCI based - Read/Write speeds capped @ 20 gb/s for PCI3, x4 Pros: HOLY BANDWIDTH BATMAN! Faster than that little creepy ghost thats always in the corner of you eye Cons: You might have to take out a loan to buy one. *takes up a x4 PCI Lane* Reputible Brands: Samsung! Corsair, Plextor, Intel, Kingston, Crucial Video Card (that one kid that has thick glasses and is really good at math) - A regular old PCI card that handles all of the video rendering and output for your computer. - ASIC PCI cards. - The PCBs and chips are patented by two main companies but the differances come from line up and varying manufacturer cooling devices. - The more memory the better -NVIDIA (Team Green) Great for gaming, has specific card series for intensive rendering. Lazy driver updates. - Gaming - 900 series - Cheap - Low performance - Can play any video game made befrore 2010 on max settings - 1000 (ten) series - Expensive (thanks bitcoin miners...) - Great for VR! - Video Rendering -Quadro Series - Gaming and Rendering - Titan X - Maxwell based chip same as 900 series cards - Titan XP - Pascal based chip same as 10 series cards -AMD (Team Red) Underdog does the same thing but slighly worse and cheaper. (except video rendering) - Gaming - RX 400 series - Cheap - Hot - RX 500 series - Cheap - Ok at VR and deacent gaming frame rates. - Not bad but not particularly great either. - Video Rendering - Fire Pro series - Gaming and Rendering - Vega series -Good luck finding one to buy lmao Case (Fancy clothing for your parts!) - Similar to human clothing you want it to do a few main things really well with compromises for each extreme. - Durability - Steel - Incredibly durable - Creates Farady cage for components - Heavy af - Magnets, just magnets.... - Rust over time - Aluminium - Light - East to bend for modding or "physical maintenance" - Less likely to rust - Huzzah for Farady cages! - Plastic - Just dont - no electrical Ground - no faraday cage - Light AF! - Breath (Airflow) - positive internal airflow! - larger fans push the same amount of air with less speed/noise - Looks - Window? - RGB - Cool Paint? - Fit all your parts - graphics card length/ clearacne - support for liquid cooling raiators? - How many spots for HDD/SSDs - Motherboard format - Cable management! Power Supply (FIGHT MILK) - Rule of thumb: BUy Powersupply that outputs 1.5 times the wattage that you need. - You can walk further than you can you can run. - The PSU can casually output 50-75% power for much longer than at 90-100% (without failure) - If you never demand enough wattage for it to get hot the fan doesnt have to turn on therefore making it quieter. - Modular means you can remove/replace the cables from the PSU. Reputible Brands: Corsair, EVGA Optical Drive (motorized cup holder) - You can download most things today so I'd suggest against it unless you really NEED to watch/write DVD's/CD's Operating System (software that makes everything work) Windows (Always Updates) - Compatible with just about everything - Easy to learn to code on! - POS inital browser - Likely to get virus's Linux (Penguins are cute) - Unique - takes less resources to run - Barebones - Incredibly personalizable! - Compatibility issues with just about everything MacOS (Linux but more annoying) - It is legal! - Great for art and your grandma that doenst know how to use computers! - User friendly - Compatibility issues with various hardware - Confusing/Limiting coding structure Peripherials (cables everywhere!) - Keyboard (higer Polling rate is better) - Mechanical (key is pressed at an exact stroke length every time - Mouse (Higher Polling rate is better) - more buttons = better? - DPI (Dots Per Inch) - In theory, if a mouse has 1600 DPI, then, if you move your mouse one inch (2.54 cm), the mouse cursor will move 1600 pixels - Higher DPI the faster your cursor is able to be moved. - Monitor - In theory the human eye cant see faster than 60 frames per second. - Keep in mind Pixel ratio! - 4k screen that is 22inches will have more pixels in a square inch than a 4k screen that is 28 inches. - Interface? - DVI (Analog) - thumbscrews..... - can do two monitors with one port! - support for 4k - VGA (Analog) - thumbscrews... - max resolution is 1440p - Display Port (digital) - nice button clip - supports 4k - HDMI (Digital) - 1.2 or higer supports 4k - DAC/Speakers/Headphones - Dont even get me started - Microphone - Dont get me started PT.2 Other (other) - UPS (uninterruptible power supply) Just a battery that allows your computer to have some time if the power ever goes out so that you have time to save your work. - Cable Organization materials! - Zipties - velcro - LED LIGHTING! - Manditory - Extra/Better fans - More pressure, less woosh - IFIXIT Pro Tech Toolkit - becasue who buys just one torx wrench. - Cute kitten mousepad - Yes, it has to be a cat. Dont argue 
This is a very general entry into building computers and what you should buy/look for. If you have any questions/comments send me an e-mail!
-Zac Holley-
submitted by Zac_Attack13 to buildapc [link] [comments]

My Experience: From FX-8350 to R7-1700

Upgrading from an FX-8350 to a R7-1700.
Just a bit about me – I have been building computers since the mid 80’s. I missed the 8-inch floppy disk era, but came on board when dual 5.25” was considered mainstream and a 10-megabyte full-height HDD was the mark of a power user. The first computer I built for my own enjoyment was an AMD X5-133 (a factory overclocked 486 faster than the Pentium-75), and I’ve used a wide variety of systems since then, including a Pentium Pro-200 which served me well in college and a K6-2 which I took to quite a few LAN parties. While I’ve always had Intel notebooks, my PC’s have been AMD for quite some time now. I decided to upgrade my current main machine, which is an FX-8350 with a mild 4.4Ghz overclock. I was using 2x8GB Crucial Ballistix DDR3-1600 and a Sapphire Radeon Fury Nitro. While I know the R5-1600x would be a better bet for a pure gaming build, I have a soft spot for 8-core machines. I had been tempted to pull the trigger on an i7-7700k for a while, but the timing never worked out. But when I found the R7-1700 at a deep discount and an X370 motherboard on the shelf next to it – I couldn’t resist the siren call of a new build.
Here are my thoughts about the process:
AM4 is physically the same as AM3 from a build perspective, except for the mounting holes. I don’t know what was so important about making the holes have different offsets, but this makes it much more difficult to get quality cooling. Not all manufacturers have brackets yet, and I’m still waiting on Cooler Master to release the brackets for my Siedon 240.
The new motherboard feels very different from my AM3 board. My FX-8350 sat on an ASUS M5A99FX Pro R2.0. It was, for lack of a better word, a very workstation-ish board. 4 PCIx16 slots, 10x USB ports (2 of the USB 3.0), triple USB 2.0 front panel headers (and a USB 3.0 front panel header as well), eSATA on the rear panel, beefy VRM and Northbridge cooling, Toslink output for audio, and so on. The board itself is full of tiny components, support chips, and ports. Granted, many of these connectors are outdated (eSATA and USB2.0), and the PCIe is only 2.0 instead of current-gen 3.0, but there is a LOT of connectivity. Few people paired an FX chip with triple of quad-GPU for gaming, but I know a fair number of people used these for bitcoin mining back before there was widespread ASIC support and back then GPU mining was the most cost-effective way to mint cryptocurrency. Extra PCIe slots could be used for dedicated video capture, PCI-based storage, a RAID card, etc... Having 4 full-size slots allows this kind of flexibility. The new motherboard is an Asrock Fatal1ty x370 Gaming K4. It does not feel very workstation-ish at all. It has only two 16x PCIe slots (and when they are both in use they are only 8x), 8 USB ports on the rear panel, and a much less “busy” motherboard. Very few support chips litter its surface. Instead of a workstation component, it feels much more like a luxury consumer product. This is not a bad thing – just something I noticed while building the system. The rear IO shield is red and black to match its gaming aesthetic, it includes things like premium audio (including a very nice headphone amplifier for the front panel connectors), and while it only has 8x USB ports on the back, 6 of them are USB 3.0 and two of them (including a type-C connector) are USB 3.1 gen2. It includes RGB LED’s under the chipset heatsink and three separate RGB LED controller ports (one of which is used for the boxed cooler), Intel gigabit Ethernet, and dual M.2 slots (one of which connected directly to the CPU). It is very different in “feel” from the older ASUS board, even down to things like a shroud for the external connectors and metal-reinforced PCI slots. I must say, its more aggressive appearance and near-empty areas appeal to me. It does, however, funnel the builder into a particular configuration: limited fast storage through the M.2 slots, slow(er) storage through the 6x SATA ports, all external devices should be USB 3. Personally, these limitations didn’t restrict me for this build, since that was how I was going to set it up anyway, but the fewer connectivity choices might cause some pause for others. The only thing I don’t like about this board is the 20 second POST times. 20 seconds every time. Resuming from sleep is very fast, just reboots are slow. That’s really it. I have no substantive complaints other than that – well, and the memory speed limitations – more on that below.
The Wraith Spire cooler is without doubt the best looking box cooler I’ve ever seen. The symmetrical cylinder look, combined with the LED logo and RGB ring are very striking. I can see why many people have asked to order one, though I think for the 1700X and 1800X they are better off without it. I’ll explain why further down.
Initial hardware setup was very easy. I was able to flash to the newest 2.0 BIOS without any hassle using a DOS USB flash boot drive. The 2.0 BIOS has the newest AGESA code from AMD, as well as support for the R5 processors and better DDR4 compatibility. I didn’t want to cheap out on RAM since apparently Ryzen is sensitive to DDR4 speeds for the latency between cores. I bought the cheapest 16GB DDR4-3200 kit I could find (the EVGA SuperSC 2x8GB), for which I paid $115. While I was not able to get it to boot at 3200, I could get 2933 simply by activating XMP, then manually changing the speed from 3200 to 3000. I then tested it with MemTest86 for two complete cycles, which it passed without errors. I have encountered zero memory issues with these RAM sticks running at 2933. Since this motherboard does not officially support DDR4-3200 at all, I figure this is a good outcome. I am curious to know whether anyone has gotten 3200 on this board – that is, whether the lack of 3200 memory on Asrock’s QVL is a marketing issue or an actual hardware limitation – but I didn’t want to spend nearly double that amount in order to get AM4 verified memory (G.Skill’s FlareX), and 2966 seemed fast enough from the benchmark results I had read.
My old setup had a Samsung 850 EVO 256gb SATA6 drive as the primary boot/gaming drive. It seemed plenty fast but it had become too small for my needs, so this seemed like a good opportunity to buy a new SSD. I originally thought the NVMe drives would be out of my price range, but I bought the Intel 600p 512GB drive for only $10 more than I would have paid for a premium SATA6 drive. Though the 600p is without doubt the SLOWEST NVMe drive out there, it has 3x the read speed as the SATA6 drives, and most of what I am doing with it is trying to get quicker load times. If I was using it for professional workloads (as a video editing scratch drive, for example), I would need much higher sustained write speeds and then Samsung would be the obvious answer. I just didn’t want to spend an extra $80 on write performance that I’d never notice, and the 600p has been an excellent boot/gaming drive.
Ok, back to the Wraith Spire. I tend to have bad luck with the silicon lottery. My FX-8350 was not able to be stable above 4.4Ghz with reasonable temperatures. I was hoping I would be able to get better results from the R7-1700, since general reports indicated that it overclocked well. Unfortunately, it is difficult to tell how good of an overclock I am getting since I can find no good information about maximum recommended temperatures for this chip. Some people say 75c is the maximum safe temp. Others say 75c is a fine everyday 24/7 temp. Others say they are running it at 80c all the time without any issues at all. Steve at Techspot was getting 88c and 90c when overclocking the 1600X and 1500X using the stock coolers and without any instability – were those dangerous temps or totally fine? Nobody seems to know. I like my overclocks to be set-and-forget. I want to get it dialed in and then leave it for years without worrying that it will burn up or degrade or that in this or that application I have to turn back to stock speeds because of the thermals. Since I don’t know what max safe thermals are, I just have to guess based on stock thermals.
For stock speeds, the Wraith Spire does a good job. It is very quiet, and after a few BIOS fan-curve tweaks, it keeps the chip around 35-38 at idle, and around 68-70 on Prime95 (Small FFT, for maximum temperature generation). Incidentally, it also hits 70 if I run Cinebench a bunch of times in a row as well, so I don’t consider the Small FFT test to be totally unrealistic for the load this chip might encounter. From what I can tell, these are good normal temps. I can get 3.5Ghz by simply changing the multiplier and leaving the voltage at stock. This gives Cinebench numbers around the 1550 mark (roughly 6900k levels). Prime95 shows a modest boost in temperatures of 3-4 degrees C, and was stable even for several hours. If I push it to 3.6Ghz at stock voltage the system is unstable. At 3.7Ghz (the 1700’s boost speed for single-threaded loads) it is stable only if I give it 1.3v. While that is a totally fine voltage (AMD recommends up to 1.35v for 24/7), the Wraith Spire cannot handle a Prime95 Small FFT load anymore. I shut down the test and reverted the OC when the CPU read 89c. Given the fact that the Spire was meant to cool a 65w chip (and so probably is rated at no more than 85-95w), this is not a terribly surprising temperature – I wish I knew if it was dangerous. I have no doubt that a 240mm radiator or even a decent tower cooler will be more than enough to cool down my 3.7Ghz R7-1700. I am a little jealous of the people who just set the multiplier to 3700 and are good to go – lower voltages probably mean the Spire would be enough. But for me, it was not to be. I was halfway tempted to see at what temperature the chip would reduce its clock speed, but I didn’t want to burn up a chip I had just bought – might as well wait until I get bigger and better cooling to OC it to the 3.8-3.9 I hope it will reach.
Other than the OC temps it has been smooth sailing. Gaming feels more fluid than with the FX, even in games that I always thought were GPU-limited and/or running at 60fps with VSYNC on. Especially games that are sensitive to single-core performance (Heroes of the Storm is my latest addiction) there is a definite boost in 1% low and 0.1% low FPS. I have been using the Ryzen Balanced power plan from AMD and it seems to do a fantastic job keeping temps low when idle and letting the cores ramp up really fast when needed. I need to test whether the lack of core parking prevents it from hitting the 3.7Ghz boost as much as the regular Balanced plan allows. I think a simple CineBench single-thread comparison will do the trick.
I also tried streaming a bit – and it was able to generate 1080p60fps at x264-medium settings without being noticeable while in game. Later I edited some video of my kids – the final render speed was SOOOO fast. I am, on the whole, very happy with my upgrade. I get better single-core performance, much much better multi-core performance, along with faster disk speeds, and a more modern platform (with RGB lighting, M.2, USB 3.1, etc…).
Now if only I could find out appropriate temperatures…..
submitted by Morphon to Amd [link] [comments]

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: After Butterfly Labs collapses, engineers find new jobs at 21 Inc.

BEGIN BLOG POST

After Butterfly Labs collapses, engineers find new jobs at 21 Inc.

A bitcoin miner has shipped on time. Yes, that is news. A new venture-capital backed company, 21 Inc., has released a miniature bitcoin miner that they call a "Bitcoin computer". For $399.99, you get a Raspberry Pi, an SHA-256 ASIC board, and a giant fan.
Again, this is news: normally, a manufacturer of bitcoin miners would overdesign and underengineer their equipment, or, if they managed to ship something functional, it would be so poorly engineered -- and over budget -- that it be an explosion waiting to happen and/or priced comparably to a four-door sedan.
21 Inc. has done something remarkable in the Bitcoin world: they started a company that operates like a legitimate business. They're even listed on Amazon.com, a company that's so strict with vendors that Nintendo was kicked off their system for not kissing enough customer ass.
Okay, enough with the praise.

This thing sucks.

The 21.co "computer" certainly deserves a place in the VC world, along with the other products consisting of wild promises and inane use cases. For the price of 4 Raspberry Pi computer kits, you get the following:
(If you have a remote desire to develop applications that use bitcoin, stop here. Go through that list and buy just those items above. You don't need anything else. If you're looking for comedy, or if you're a sucker with too much money, read on...)

Is that all I get for my money?

Those products alone don't allow you to make Bitcoin applications, apparently. You need these things, too:

How about the software demos?

It's difficult to justify developing a $400 computer that can't do much. So, to entice some customers, 21 Inc. included demos that try really hard to make customers feel inspired. Here are just a few things that 21 Inc. claims were totally impossible before their product existed:

What are the real customers saying?

The packaging is slick:
"This @21dotco computer came already opened..."
The hardware is reliable:
"...it must have lost power, which caused my SSH keys to become corrupted."
The software is revolutionary:
"...it will be more expensive to pay for your spotify subscription via your electricity bill, but a lot of people don't care."

I want to buy it anyway!

Go ahead. I won't stop you. Oh, and 21 Inc. doesn't accept bitcoins.
END BLOG POST
submitted by theirmoss to Buttcoin [link] [comments]

Full Node Hardware Configuration Requirements - Multi-GPU and Legendary USB Mining

Make mining great again! Unlike traditional Bitcoin and Ethereum nodes, Cortex has a higher hardware requirement for full node. This requires a relatively larger amount of hard disk storage and a multi-GPU desktop host for the best possible speed of confirmation, but this is not a must. In the field of Bitcoin mining, the USB miner used to be a popular plug and play small ASIC mining device. Before the large-scale mining farms emerged, this decentralized mining mode was extremely popular. Cortex full node in the absence of GPU can be configured to have the similar neurocomputers with special AI chips, and computing stick, which have matured in the market. Unlike Bitcoin USB Mining, the computing stick is the complementary hardware to verify the full node, not the equipment needed in the specific process of mining.
submitted by cengiz0589 to Cortex_Official [link] [comments]

The Concept of Bitcoin

The Concept of Bitcoin
https://preview.redd.it/5r9soz2ltq421.jpg?width=268&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=6a89685f735b53ec1573eefe08c8646970de8124
What is Bitcoin?
Bitcoin is an experimental system of transfer and verification of property based on a network of peer to peer without any central authority.
The initial application and the main innovation of the Bitcoin network is a system of digital currency decentralized unit of account is bitcoin.
Bitcoin works with software and a protocol that allows participants to issue bitcoins and manage transactions in a collective and automatic way. As a free Protocol (open source), it also allows interoperability of software and services that use it. As a currency bitcoin is both a medium of payment and a store of value.
Bitcoin is designed to self-regulate. The limited inflation of the Bitcoin system is distributed homogeneously by computing the network power, and will be limited to 21 million divisible units up to the eighth decimal place. The functioning of the Exchange is secured by a general organization that everyone can examine, because everything is public: the basic protocols, cryptographic algorithms, programs making them operational, the data of accounts and discussions of the developers.
The possession of bitcoins is materialized by a sequence of numbers and letters that make up a virtual key allowing the expenditure of bitcoins associated with him on the registry. A person may hold several key compiled in a 'Bitcoin Wallet ', 'Keychain' web, software or hardware which allows access to the network in order to make transactions. Key to check the balance in bitcoins and public keys to receive payments. It contains also (often encrypted way) the private key associated with the public key. These private keys must remain secret, because their owner can spend bitcoins associated with them on the register. All support (keyrings) agrees to maintain the sequence of symbols constituting your keychain: paper, USB, memory stick, etc. With appropriate software, you can manage your assets on your computer or your phone.
Bitcoin on an account, to either a holder of bitcoins in has given you, for example in Exchange for property, either go through an Exchange platform that converts conventional currencies in bitcoins, is earned by participating in the operations of collective control of the currency.
The sources of Bitcoin codes have been released under an open source license MIT which allows to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the software, subject to insert a copyright notice into all copies.
Bitcoin creator, Satoshi Nakamoto
What is the Mining of bitcoin?
Technical details :
During mining, your computer performs cryptographic hashes (two successive SHA256) on what is called a header block. For each new hash, mining software uses a different random number that called Nuncio. According to the content of the block and the nonce value typically used to express the current target. This number is called the difficulty of mining. The difficulty of mining is calculated by comparing how much it is difficult to generate a block compared to the first created block. This means that a difficulty of 70000 is 70000 times more effort that it took to Satoshi Nakamoto to generate the first block. Where mining was much slower and poorly optimized.
The difficulty changes each 2016 blocks. The network tries to assign the difficulty in such a way that global computing power takes exactly 14 days to generate 2016 blocks. That's why the difficulty increases along with the power of the network.
Material :
In the beginning, mining with a processor (CPU) was the only way to undermine bitcoins. (GPU) graphics cards have possibly replaced the CPU due to their nature, which allowed an increase between 50 x to 100 x in computing power by using less electricity by megahash compared to a CPU.
Although any modern GPU can be used to make the mining, the brand AMD GPU architecture has proved to be far superior to nVidia to undermine bitcoins and the ATI Radeon HD 5870 card was the most economical for a time.
For a more complete list of graphics cards and their performance, see Wiki Bitcoin: comparison of mining equipment
In the same way that transition CPU to GPU, the world of mining has evolved into the use of the Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA) as a mining platform. Although FPGAs did not offer an increase of 50 x to 100 x speed of calculation as the transition from CPU to GPU, they offered a better energy efficiency.
A typical HD/s 600 graphics card consumes about 400w of power, while a typical FPGA device can offer a rate of hash of 826 MH/s to 80w of power consumption, a gain of 5 x more calculations for the same energy power. Since energy efficiency is a key factor in the profitability of mining, it was an important step for the GPU to FPGA migration for many people.
The world of the mining of bitcoin is now migrating to the Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC). An ASIC is a chip designed specifically to accomplish a single task. Unlike FPGAs, an ASIC is unable to be reprogrammed for other tasks. An ASIC designed to undermine bitcoins cannot and will not do anything else than to undermine bitcoins.
The stiffness of an ASIC allows us to offer an increase of 100 x computing power while reducing power consumption compared to all other technologies. For example, a classic device to offer 60 GH/s (1 hashes equals 1000 Megahash. 1GH/s = 1000 Mh/s) while consuming 60w of electricity. Compared to the GPU, it is an increase in computing power of 100 x and a reduction of power consumption by a factor of 7.
Unlike the generations of technologies that have preceded the ASIC, ASIC is the "end of the line" when we talk about important technology change. The CPUs have been replaced by the GPUs, themselves replaced by FPGAs that were replaced by ASICs.
There is nothing that can replace the ASICs now or in the immediate future. There will be technological refinements in ASIC products, and improvements in energy efficiency, but nothing that may match increased from 50 x to 100 x the computing power or a 7 x reduction in power consumption compared with the previous technology.
Which means that the energy efficiency of an ASIC device is the only important factor of all product ASIC, since the estimated lifetime of an ASIC device is superior to the entire history of the mining of bitcoin. It is conceivable that a purchased ASIC device today is still in operation in two years if the unit still offers a profitable enough economic to keep power consumption. The profitability of mining is also determined by the value of bitcoin but in all cases, more a device has a good energy efficiency, it is profitable.
Software :
There are two ways to make mining: by yourself or as part of a team (a pool). If you are mining for yourself, you must install the Bitcoin software and configure it to JSON-RPC (see: run Bitcoin). The other option is to join a pool. There are multiple available pools. With a pool, the profit generated by any block generated by a member of the team is split between all members of the team. The advantage of joining a team is to increase the frequency and stability of earnings (this is called reduce the variance) but gains will be lower. In the end, you will earn the same amount with the two approaches. Undermine solo allows you to receive earnings huge but very infrequent, while miner with a pool can offer you small stable and steady gains.
Once you have your software configured or that you have joined a pool, the next step is to configure the mining software. The software the most populare for ASIC/FPGA/GPU currently is CGminer or a derivative designed specifically for FPGAS and ASICs, BFGMiner.
If you want a quick overview of mining without install any software, try Bitcoin Plus, a Bitcoin minor running in your browser with your CPU. It is not profitable to make serious mining, but it is a good demonstration of the principle of the mining team.
submitted by Josephbitcoin to u/Josephbitcoin [link] [comments]

USB ASIC Miner, the New Personalized Mining Chip? BTC ASIC Bitcoin USB NanoFury NF1 2.4 GH/S Unboxed & Tested By MrAlanC How To Setup Gekko Science 2Pac USB Mining Bitcoin ... TOP 5 ASIC Coins to Mine in 2019  Profitability + Best ... BFL Bitcoin ASIC Teardown

Application-specific integrated circuit chips (ASICs) are bitcoin mining hardware created solely to solve Bitcoin blocks. They have only minimal requirements for other normal computer applications. Consequently, ASIC Bitcoin mining systems can solve Bitcoin blocks much quicker and use less less electricity or power than older bitcoin mining ... GekkoScience NEWPAC BM1387 SHA256 Bitcoin USB Mining Stick (New 2PAC Miner) $52.95. Free shipping. Watch. Bitmain Antminer Rental S9 Mining Contract 13.5TH ASIC Bitcoin HASHING 24 Hours ... Bitmain Antminer Rental S9 13.5 TH/s ASIC Bitcoin 24 Hour CLOUD MINING Lease BTC. $2.52. Was: Previous Price $3.15. Bitmain Antminer S9 13.5 TH/s w/psu ... USB Bitcoin miners are available to buy, but they don’t really generate any significant profits. ... Thanks to the DragonMint 16T’s new DM8575 generation of ASIC chips, the 16T has become the most electrically-efficient miner on the market. Consuming merely 0.075J/GH, or 1480W from the wall, the 16T is 30% more electrically-efficient than ... There are some rare Bitcoin ASIC mining chips and they, along with the common ones, can be used on their own when it comes to the subject of mining of the Bitcoin. When it comes to mining with a greater speed, ASIC miners play a huge role and they are more productive and cost-effective than the traditional Bitcoin miners. GekkoScience Compact USB Stick Bitcoin Miner. Among the USB Bitcoin miners for novice users, this may be the best option in terms of turning a profit by using hashing power from these devices (or use trading bots). With it, you can expect to make roughly 15 cents per month, which translates to almost $2 per year, nearly double some of the other ...

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USB ASIC Miner, the New Personalized Mining Chip?

In this video Jason talks about the new AsicMiner USB ASIC miner. This new amazing little device will mine at 300 MH/s. ... USB ASIC Miner, the New Personalized Mining Chip? ... USB Asic Miner Red ... GENESIS MINING Promo Code: eHS9yk FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/CryptoBitcoinTutorial Twitter: https://twitter.com/BitTutorial The day is here! Nathan from Syn Shop, Las Vegas' local hackerspace, helps me disassemble BFL's fancy new ASIC miner. I see a bunch of chips and capacitors, he sees a lot more. Of course the one ... User guide: https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/I/91UhvHSt3IL.pdf Information Gekko Science 2Pac ASIC chip type: BM1384 Hashrate: Hash rate up to ... KnCMiner Jupiter - Bitcoin Miner 500GH/s+ 28nm ASIC chips - unboxing and setup 1080p - Duration: ... How to setup USB Asic Miner Blue Fury bitcoin miner 2.2~2.7 GH/s - Duration: 10:22.

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